This
chart is useful in translating the Hi, Av, and Lo goal scores from the NWEA
class report. It is built from the 2002 Achievement Level Test norms with the
traditional breakdown of Lo equal to percentile scores < 33, the Hi equal to
percentile scores > 66, and Av equal to percentile scores between 33 and 66.
To use, find the student’s grade on the chart below and
then find the descriptor for the goal that you are referencing. Use the
student’s overall RIT score as another guide. Refer to the Learning Continuum
for detailed skills and concepts that should be further assessed and
instructed. There is a chart for each subject. Seasons are broken down within
the charts.

Fall

Winter

Spring

Grade Level

Lo

Av

Hi

Lo

Av

Hi

Lo

Av

Hi

2

< 173

173 – 182

> 182

< 178

178 – 188

> 188

< 183

183 – 193

> 193

3

< 185

185 – 196

> 196

< 190

190 – 200

> 200

< 195

195 – 205

> 205

4

< 196

196 – 206

> 206

< 200

200 – 210

> 210

< 203

203 – 214

> 214

5

< 204

204 – 215

> 215

< 207

207 – 219

> 219

< 210

210 – 223

> 223

6

< 209

209 – 222

> 222

< 212

212 – 225

> 225

< 215

215 – 229

> 229

7

< 214

214 – 228

> 228

< 217

217 – 232

> 232

< 220

220 – 236

> 236

8

< 220

220 – 235

> 235

< 223

223 – 239

> 239

< 226

226 – 243

> 243

9

< 223

223 – 238

> 238

< 230

230 – 244

> 244

< 236

236 – 250

> 250

10

< 226

226 – 241

> 241

< 236

236 – 248

> 248

< 245

245 – 255

> 255


Fall

Winter

Spring

Grade Level

Lo

Av

Hi

Lo

Av

Hi

Lo

Av

Hi

2

< 170

170 – 186

> 186

< 176

176 – 191

> 191

< 181

181 – 195

> 195

3

< 183

183 – 197

> 197

< 188

188 – 201

> 201

< 192

192 – 205

> 205

4

< 194

194 – 206

> 206

< 197

197 – 209

> 209

< 200

200 – 212

> 212

5

< 201

201 – 213

> 213

< 203

203 – 215

> 215

< 206

206 – 218

> 218

6

< 206

206 – 218

> 218

< 208

208 – 220

> 220

< 211

211 – 222

> 222

7

< 210

210 – 222

> 222

< 212

212 – 224

> 224

< 214

214 – 226

> 226

8

< 214

214 – 226

> 226

< 216

216 – 228

> 228

< 219

219 – 230

> 230

9

< 217

217 – 228

> 228

< 218

218 – 230

> 230

< 220

220 – 231

> 231

10

< 219

219 – 231

> 231

< 220

220 – 231

> 231

< 220

220 – 232

> 232

– includes addition, subtraction, multiplication,
division, and rounding of whole numbers, fractions, decimals, percents, and
positive and negative numbers.
Whole Numbers
 Identify fact families
with sums 018 in horizontal format
·
Understand
the concept of subtraction using symbols; subtract two numbers in vertical
format
New Vocabulary in this range: and
New Signs and Symbols: +, =, 
Whole Numbers
 Combine sets through
manipulative and pictorial addition problems
 Add three 1digit
numbers
 Add 2and 3digit
numbers with no regrouping
 Subtract a 1digit
number from a 2digit number with regrouping
·
Understand
the concept of multiplication using symbols; recall multiplication facts with
one factor as 1,2,3,4,5 and other factor 09
New Vocabulary in this range: equals, facts
New Signs and Symbols: x (multiplication symbol)
Whole Numbers
 Separate sets through
manipulative and pictorial subtraction problems
 Add a 2digit number
and a 2digit number with no regrouping
 Subtract a 1digit
number from a 2digit number with no regrouping
 Subtract a 2digit
number from a 2digit number with no regrouping
 Solve simple addition
word problems
 Subtract 2and 3digit
numbers with no regrouping
 Subtract whole numbers
and decimals to the hundredths place (same number of digits)
New Vocabulary in this range: none
New Signs and Symbols: $, decimal point
Whole Numbers
 Solve simple
subtraction word problems
 Add 1 and 2digit
numbers with regrouping
 Add two 2digit and
3digit numbers with regrouping
 Subtract two 2digit
numbers with regrouping
 Understand the concept
of multiplication using concrete objects
 Add 2, 3 and 4digit
numbers with regrouping
 Multiply a 2 or
3digit number by a 1digit number with no regrouping
 Multiply a 2digit
number by a 1digit number with regrouping
 Identify the
associative, commutative, identity and zero property of multiplication
 Divide a 2digit number
or a 3digit number by a 1digit number with remainder
 Round 2 and 3digit
numbers to the nearest hundred and tens
 Multiply a 3digit
number by a 2digit number
 Add fractions with like
denominators
Decimals
 Add whole numbers and
decimals to the hundredths place (same number of digits)
New Vocabulary in this range: closest, how many
New Signs and Symbols: division symbol (both forms)
Whole Numbers
 Subtract a 2digit
number from a 3digit number with a single regrouping
·
Identify
the division facts related to a multiplication fact with one factor as 1,2,3,4,5 and the other factor 09
 Understand the concept
of division using concrete objects
 Subtract a 3 or
4digit number from a 4digit number with regrouping
·
Use
strategies to develop computational fluency with multiplication: “zero property,” “property of one,” “arrays,”
doubles,” “nine patterns”
 Multiply a 3digit by a
1digit number with regrouping (including zero)
 Multiply three 1digit
numbers or 2digit numbers
 Identify the division
facts related to a multiplication fact
 Divide a 2digit number
by a 1digit number with no remainder
 Solve onestep word
problems involving division
 Add 2 or several
multidigit numbers with regrouping
 Subtract multidigit
numbers with regrouping
 Divide a 3digit or
4digit number by a 1digit number
 Divide a 2digit number
by a 2digit number with no remainder
 Add multidigit numbers
without using a calculator
 Multiply
multidigit numbers
Fractions
 Read, shade, and write
fractional parts of a group
 Subtract
mixed numbers with like denominators with regrouping
Decimals
 Subtract whole numbers
and decimals to the hundredths place (same number of digits)
·
Add
decimals to hundredths place using both horizontal and vertical format (not the
same number of digits)
 Subtract decimals to
hundredths place (not the same number of digits)
 Multiply
a decimal by a whole number
 Divide
a decimal by a whole number and vice versa
New Vocabulary in this range: none
New Signs and Symbols: none
Whole Numbers
 Solve simple addition
word problems
 Find and extend
patterns
 Demonstrate the
associative, commutative, and zero property of addition
 Identify the
associative, commutative, identity and zero property of multiplication
 Solve onestep word
problems involving multiplication
 Subtract multidigit
numbers with regrouping
 Round 4 and 5digit
numbers to the nearest hundred thousand, thousand, hundred or ten
 Multiply a 2digit
number by a 2digit number with no regrouping
 Multiply a 2digit
number by a 2digit number with regrouping
 Subtract multidigit
numbers without using a calculator
 Multiply a 3digit
number by a 2digit number with regrouping
 Multiply a 3digit
number or 4digit number by a 2digit number or 3digit number with zeros
 Express 1 in many
different ways (1/1, 2/2, 4/4)
 Write improper
fractions from picture presentations
 Subtract fractions with
like denominators
 Add fractions having
unlike denominators, answer in lowest terms
Decimals
 Add whole numbers and
decimals to the hundredths place (not the same number of digits)
 Subtract whole numbers
and decimals to the hundredths place (not the same number of digits)
 Subtract decimals to
thousandths, vertically and horizontally, with and without regrouping
 Multiply a decimal by a
decimal, vertical form (tenths or hundredths)
Percents
 Find a percent of a
number (6% of 30)
New Vocabulary in this range: difference, not true, power of 10, rounded,
thousands
New Signs and Symbols: ¢, %
Whole Numbers
 Understand the concept
of division using pictorial representation
 Use frontend
estimation strategy for multiplication and division
 Subtract multidigit
numbers without using a calculator
 Multiply by multiples
of 10 and 100 with an emphasis on mental math
 Divide a 3digit number
by a multiple of 10
 Divide a 3digit number
by a 2digit number (no zeros)
Fractions
 Add mixed numbers with
like denominators with regrouping
 Subtract mixed numbers
with like denominators with regrouping
 Subtract mixed numbers
with unlike denominators with regrouping
 Multiply a fraction by
a fraction; answer in lowest terms
 Multiply mixed numbers
Decimals
 Add decimals to
hundredths place using both horizontal and vertical format
 Subtract decimals to
hundredths place
 Compute and count
change greater than $20.00
 Subtract decimals
through hundredthousandths with a calculator
Percents
 Write a decimal or
fraction as a percent; write a percent as a decimal or fraction
New Vocabulary in this range: estimate, round, closest to, sum, of (used as in “½
of 36”)
New Signs and Symbols: square root symbol
Whole Numbers
 Divide a 3digit or
4digit number by a 1digit number
 Use multiplication as a
check for division
 Multiply by multiples
of 10 and 100 with an emphasis on mental math
 Divide a 4digit number
by a 2digit number
Fractions
 Change a fractional
numeral to its simplest form (lowest terms)
 Add fractions with like
denominators, answer in lowest terms
 Add mixed numbers with
unlike denominators with regrouping
 Multiply a whole number
by a fraction
 Divide a fraction by a
fraction
 Divide a mixed number
by a whole number or a fraction
 Compare and order
fractions and mixed numbers
Decimals
 Round decimals to
nearest whole number, tenth, hundredth, or thousandth
 Add decimals through
hundredthousandths with a calculator
 Multiply a decimal by a
decimal, factors to thousandths
 Divide a decimal by a
whole number and vice versa
Integers
 Add integers with like
signs
 Add integers with
unlike signs
 Add several integers
 Divide integers with unlike
signs
New Vocabulary in this range: smallest, tenth
New Signs and Symbols:  as a negative, + as a positive
Whole Numbers
 Solve for missing
addends in an addition or subtraction sentence
 Develop computational
fluency with division facts
 Divide multidigit
numbers using a calculator
 Introduce the math
strategy of compatible numbers in estimating for all four operations
Fractions
 Change a fractional
numeral to its simplest form (lowest terms)
 Subtract fractions
having unlike denominators, answer in lowest terms
 Add and subtract whole
numbers, fractions and mixed numbers
 Use estimation to solve
problems involving mixed numbers
 Divide a whole number,
fraction or mixed number by a mixed number
Decimals
 Subtract whole numbers
and decimals to the hundredths place (same number of digits)
·
Write
a number sentence to solve onestep word problems involving the operations of
addition, subtraction, and multiplication of fractions and decimals
 Write a decimal or
mixed decimal for a fraction (2/3=0.66)
 Subtract decimals
through hundredthousandths with a calculator
 Multiply a decimal by
multiples of 10, 100, or 1000
 Divide a whole number
(or decimal) by a decimal to thousandths
Integers
 Divide integers, like
signs
Percent
·
Write
a ratio (fraction) as a percent and percent as a ratio (fraction: denominators
are factors of 100)
 Find the percent one
number is of another (20 is what % of 90)
 Find a number from a
percent (4 is 9% of what number)
New Vocabulary in this range: product, divide, most, if – then, compute, lowest
terms
New Signs and Symbols: none
Whole Numbers
 Divide a 2digit number
or a 3digit number by a 1digit number with remainder
 Divide multidigit
numbers using a calculator
Fractions
 Add fractions having
unlike denominators with answer reduced to lowest terms
 Subtract fractions
having unlike denominators with answer reduced to lowest terms
 Add and subtract mixed
numbers with like denominators with regrouping
 Add and subtract mixed
numbers with unlike denominators with regrouping
 Add and subtract whole
numbers, fractions, and mixed numbers
 Multiply a fraction by
a fraction; answer in lowest terms
 Multiply mixed numbers
 Divide a fraction by a
fraction
 Divide a mixed number
by a whole number or a fraction
 Multiply three factors
using fractions, mixed numbers, and whole numbers in any combination,
answer in lowest terms
 Divide a whole number,
fraction, or mixed number by a mixed number
Decimals
 Add whole numbers and
decimals to the hundredths place (same number of digits)
 Subtract decimals to
the hundredths place (not the same number of digits)
 Subtract decimals to
thousandths, vertically and horizontally, with and without regrouping
 Subtract a decimal from
a whole number
 Multiply a decimal by a
decimal, factors to thousandths place
 Divide a decimal by a
whole number and vice versa
 Divide a whole number
(or decimal) by a decimal to thousandths place
Integers
 Add several integers
 Multiply integers with
like signs
 Divide integers with
like signs
Percents
 Find a number from a
percent (20 is 45% of what number?)
New
Vocabulary in this range: ‘Solve for n”
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Fractions
 Multiply a whole number
by a fraction
Integers
 Understand the meaning
of integers
 Subtract integers,
subtracting a negative
New
Vocabulary in this range: decimal fractions, opposite
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Integers
 Use the additive
inverse property to solve problems
 Use order of operations
rules
New
Vocabulary in this range: sum of opposites
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Fractions
 Add and subtract
rational numbers with unlike denominators (may involve integers)
Percents
 Solve problems with
successive discounts and rate of interest
New
Vocabulary in this range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Fractions
 Multiply a mixed number
by a whole number, fraction, or mixed number
New
Vocabulary in this range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– includes solving problems with ratios, proportions,
fractiondecimal relationships, exponents, number theory, place value, and the
relationship between numbers.
Whole Numbers
 Match sets of objects
to numerals 040 to demonstrate an understanding of onetoone
correspondence
 Identify and count
numbers 020
 Identify and order
ordinal numbers (first to tenth)
Fractions
 Identify equal parts of
a region (halves, thirds, fourths)
 Represent fractions by
using models and drawings
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
 Compare and order
numbers and sets of objects 010
New
Vocabulary in this Range: how many
New
Signs and Symbols: — for answer
Whole Numbers
·
Identify missing numbers in a series through 100
 Identify the number
that is “one more than”, “one less than”, “10 more than”, and “10 less
than” a given number
 Count objects that are
grouped into tens and ones
Fractions
 Identify onehalf of an
object from a picture
Place Value
 Identify and understand
the place value and value of each digit in numbers through the hundreds
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
New
Vocabulary in this Range: ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, numeral, ordinal numbers through
eleventh, counting
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Whole Numbers
 Compare two or more
sets of objects (up to ten objects in each group) and identify which set
is equal to, more than, or less than the other
 Count and write by 10’s
to 100
 Compare, group, and
order whole numbers to 100 by using the symbols for “less than”, equal
to”, and “greater than” (<, =, >)
 Distinguish between odd
and even numbers
 Count by 2’s to 20
Fractions
·
Identify onehalf of an object or set
 Identify fractional
parts of a region or group
Place Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Write numerals in
expanded form through the thousands place
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
 Use > or <
symbols to compare two numbers
New
Vocabulary in this Range: even numbers, same as, fewest
New
Signs and Symbols: < and > signs, = sign
Whole Numbers
 Identify one more and
one fewer
 Count and write by 2’s
and 3’s
 Complete a number
pattern
 Round 2 and 3digit
numbers to the nearest hundred and tens
 Identify the value of
Roman Numerals using I, V, and X
 Apply rules of
divisibility by 5
 Identify the greatest
common factor of two whole numbers each of which is less than 100
 List some common
multiples of two whole numbers
Fractions
 Separate regions into
sub regions that are equivalent (halves, thirds, fourths)
 Change a fractional
numeral to its simplest form (lowest terms)
Decimals
·
Identify the greater or lesser of two decimals
·
Place Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Match number words to
numerals to the ten thousands place
·
Identify
and understand the place value and value of each digit in numbers through the
hundred thousands
 Add whole numbers using
place value
 Identify and understand
place value for decimals (tenths, hundredths, and thousandths)
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
 Order sets of objects
020
 Identify the greater or
lesser of two numerals
 Order numerals through
999
 Identify the numeral
that comes before, between, or after any given numeral through 999
 Compare and order
fractions
 Compare and order
decimals to the hundredths place
New
Vocabulary in this Range: first, second, third, etc., odd, onefourth, onehalf, reduce,
fractions, order, divisible, round, smallest, largest, lowest terms, greatest
common factor, least common multiple, closest, units, set, digit, greater than,
greatest
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Whole Numbers
 Order numerals through
9999
 Count and convert to
dozens
 Round 4 and 5digit
numbers to the nearest hundred thousand, thousand, hundred or ten
 Identify numbers as
prime or composite
 Apply rules of
divisibility by 2’s
 Complete a factor tree
for a number (prime factorization)
 Understand and
demonstrate that many whole numbers break down in different ways (e.g., 12
= 4 x 3 = 2 x 6 = 2 x 2 x 3)
 Identify the least
common multiple of two whole numbers
Fractions, Ratio and Proportion
 Write equivalent
fractions using pictorial representation
 Find equivalent
fractions using multiples and factors
 Write mixed numbers as
improper fractions and improper fractions as mixed numbers
 Identify the least
(lowest) common denominator of two fractions
 Express a fraction as a
decimal and vice versa
·
Solve proportions using the cross product method
Decimals
 Write a decimal for a
shaded region (to tenths place)
 Identify and understand
place value for decimals (tenths, hundredths, and thousandths)
Percents
 Model percents using a
10 x 10 grid
 Write a decimal or
fraction as a percent and vice versa
Place Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Identify the number and
written word for ordinal numbers
 Write numerals in
expanded form through the hundred thousands
 Match word names to
numerals through billions
 Identify place value
using model to count
·
Add whole numbers using place value
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
·
Identify
and understand the greater or lesser of two numerals (use the symbols < and
> through 999,999)
 Compare and order
fractions and mixed numbers
Exponents
 Exponential
representation of 3 multiplied numbers (2x2x2)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: thirds, fourths, rounded, thousands, exponential form, mixed number,
improper fraction, lowest common denominator, percent, expanded form, prime,
factor, proportion
New
Signs and Symbols: use of dot as a multiplication symbol
Whole Numbers
 Round to the nearest
millions and billions
 Apply rules of
divisibility
 Identify the greatest
common factor of two whole numbers each of which is less than 100
 Write the Roman numeral
equivalent of Arabic numbers 12000 and vice versa
Fractions, Ratio and Proportion
 Change a fractional numeral
to its simplest form (lowest terms)
 Write the missing
number in two equivalent ratios
 Use a number line to
identify a fractional point
Decimals
 Write a decimal for a
shaded region (hundredths)
 Write a terminating
decimal as a fraction or mixed number
 Round decimals to
nearest whole number, tenth, hundredth, or thousandth
 Multiply a decimal by
multiples of 10, 100, or 1000
Percents
 Find a percent of a
number
 Write a decimal or
fraction as a percent or vice versa
Place Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Understand and identify
the place value and value of each digit in numerals through the billions
·
Write the word name for a decimal and vice versa
 Write numerals in
expanded form through the hundred billions
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
·
Order numbers from least to greatest and greatest to
least
 Compare and order
numbers through the billions
·
Order decimals and fractions to the hundred thousandths
 Identify the greater or
lesser of 2 integers
 Ordering integers that
include fractions and wholes
 Translate verbal
statements into equations (all four operations; several operations)
 Ordering exponential
values
Exponents and Scientific Notation
 Write whole number in
exponential form and compute the power of a number
New
Vocabulary in this Range: missing number, pentagon, simplest fraction, biggest, hundredths, one
less, decimal numeral, squared, divisible, inequality, expanded numeral,
equivalent, point, standard numeral, sequence
New
Signs and Symbols: + used as positive symbol,  used as negative symbol
Whole Numbers
 Understand and use
rules of divisibility
 Identify the greatest
common factor of two whole numbers: list the factors or prime
factorization
 Identify the greatest
common factor and least common multiple of two whole numbers
Fractions, Ratio and Proportion
 Write improper
fractions from picture presentations
 Change a fractional
numeral to its simplest form (lowest terms)
Decimals
·
Round
monetary amounts to the nearest single coin or bill which could be used to pay
for a purchase up to and including $20.00
 Write the decimal
equivalent of a fraction and label as repeating or terminating
Percents
 Express a fraction as a
decimal and as a percent
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
 Compare and order
fractions with the same denominator and with different denominators
 Order decimals to
thousandths; identify the greater or lesser of two decimals to thousandths
Exponents and Scientific Notation
 Order of “powers”
 Write a whole number or
a decimal in scientific notation
 Write a number
expressed in scientific notation in standard form
New
Vocabulary in this Range: counting number, portion, fractional part, lowest terms, reciprocal,
order, scientific notation, prime factorization, not prime, factor tree, common
multiples, greatest common denominator, equivalent, nearest dollar
New
Signs and Symbols: square root symbol
Fractions, Ratio and Proportion
 Model and write
numerical fractions
 Understand the concept
of ratio using concrete and pictorial models
·
Identify
the least common denominator for 3 or more fractions: list the multiples or
prime factorization
 Determine if a pair of
ratios is equal or not equal using the equivalent fractions method
 Write the missing
number in 2 equivalent ratios
 Solve proportions using
the cross product method
Decimals
 Identify and order
decimal and fractional coordinates on a number line
Percents
 Write a ratio
(fraction) as a percent and a percent as a ratio (fraction): denominators
of 100
Integers
 Understand the meaning
of integers
Place
Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Match word names to
numerals to the hundred thousands in decimals
Ordering, Equalities and Inequalities
 Order a set of integers
from least to greatest
Exponents and Scientific Notation
 Identify and use powers
of 10
Square Roots
 Evaluate expressions
using square roots
New
Vocabulary in this Range: always true, proportion, multiply, between, tens digit, standard
numeral, ratio
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Fractions, Ratio and Proportion
 Define ratio
 Write ratios in a
variety of ways
Decimals
 Write a decimal or
mixed decimal for a fraction
 Write a whole number or
a decimal in scientific notation (negative exponents)
Place
Value, Expanded and Standard Notation
 Write numerals in expanded
form through the billions
 Understand and identify
place value and value of each digit in numerals through the hundred
billions
Exponents and Scientific Notation
·
Evaluate
expressions using the order of operations that include exponents
·
Find
products by applying rules for exponents
Square Roots
 Identify perfect
squares in a list of numbers and calculate the positive square root of a
perfect square
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Square Roots
 Evaluate expressions
using square roots
New
Vocabulary in this Range: Base ten, prime factors
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Exponents and Scientific Notation
 Evaluate powers with a
negative exponent
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Percents
 Change a percent to a
fraction (including mixed numbers)
Square Roots
 Understand properties
of square roots
Irrational Numbers
 Define irrational
numbers
New
Vocabulary in this Range: infinite nonrepeating decimal
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Exponents and Scientific Notation
 Evaluate power of zero
 Identify the lowest
common multiple of numbers in their prime factored state
Set
Notation
 Use inequalities to
represent set notation
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– includes properties of two and threedimensional
objects, points, rays, lines, and angles including congruency, similarities,
and transformations
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Identify and name the
plane figures: circle, triangle, and square
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
figures (using “same size and shape” terminology)
 Identify figures that
are similar, have the same shape
New
Vocabulary in this Range: shape, circle, same as
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
·
Identify and name solid figures: can (cylinder) and
cone
 Relate and compare
plane figures to solid figures
 Identify sides and
corners (vertices) on solid figures
 Contrast open and
closed figures
 Identify cylinder (can)
attributes
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
figures
New
Vocabulary in this Range: matches, triangle, square, corners, cone, closed, inside
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Classify and sort solid
figures
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
figures using terminology
Symmetry and Transformations
 Recognize
transformations of plane figures (slides, flips, and turns) by identifying
the figure that will fit in a certain space
New
Vocabulary in this Range: congruent, figure
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Identify and name the
plane figures: circle, triangle, square, and rectangle
 Recognize solid
figures: cube (box)
 Identify
characteristics of plane figures (sides and corners)
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
figures, angles, and line segments
 Identify similar
figures (same shape, may or may not be same size)
Symmetry and Transformations
 Identify figures with
line symmetry
 Recognize
transformations of plane figures (slides, flips, and turns)
 Identify types of
transformations (slides, flips, and turns)
Line Properties and Terminology
 Identify points on a
line
 Identify the correct
label for a line
New
Vocabulary in this Range: symmetry, point, sides, rectangle, cube, straight, line segment, shortest
New
Signs and Symbols: line AB (with double arrow over AB), line segment AB (with segment
line over AB)
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Recognize solid
figures: sphere (ball)
 Identify and name solid
figures: cube, cylinder, cone, rectangular prism, and sphere
 Identify
characteristics of plane figures (sides and corners)
Symmetry and Transformations
 Identify figures with
line symmetry and symmetrical parts
Geometric Properties and Terminology
·
Identify position concepts: (over, under, inside,
outside, in front, behind, top, middle, bottom)
 Describe and measure
right angles
 Identify right angles
 Identify intersecting,
parallel lines
 Identify the diagonal
of a circle
New
Vocabulary in this Range: symmetrical, parallel, intersecting, diagonal, pair, angle, cylinder,
outside, inside, sphere, faces, corresponding, point, intersect, outside, axis
of symmetry, line segment, pentagon
New
Signs and Symbols: symbol for parallel lines
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Identify faces, edges,
and corners (vertices) on solid figures
 Identify polygons: triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, and
octagon
 Identify
quadrilaterals: square, rectangle,
and parallelogram
·
Identify,
name, and analyze solid figures: cube,
cylinder, triangular pyramid and square pyramid (faces, edges, and vertices)
Symmetry and Transformations
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
figures, angles and line segments
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify points, lines,
line segments, rays, planes, and angles
 Identify the diameter
of a circle
 Identify intersecting,
parallel, and perpendicular lines
New
Vocabulary in this Range: intersection, quadrilaterals, octagon, parallelogram, pyramid, isosceles,
right angle, diameter, right angle, geometric, perpendicular, plane
New
Signs and Symbols: D for triangle, angle symbol
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
 Identify faces, edges,
and corners (vertices) on solid figures
·
Contrast open and closed figures
·
Identify polygons:
triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon, and octagon
·
Identify quadrilaterals: square, rectangle, parallelogram, trapezoid, rhombus
·
Analyze
solid figures: triangular pyramid and
rectangular pyramid (faces, edges, and vertices)
Congruency and Similarity
·
Identify similar figures (same shape, may or may not be
the same size)
 Identify congruent
polygons and their corresponding sides and angles
Symmetry and Transformations
 Identify types of transformations
(rotation)
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify points, lines,
line segments, rays, and angles
·
Identify angles:
right, obtuse, and acute
·
Identify when two intersecting lines are perpendicular
 Identify properties of
similar figures
New
Vocabulary in this Range: symmetrical, perpendicular, ray, vertex, rotation, triangular prism,
corresponding parts, supplementary, acute angle, transformation
New
Signs and Symbols: @  congruent symbol, «  double arrow symbol for similarity, p  pi symbol, DABC  to label triangle
Shapes and Figures, 2 and 3dimensional
·
Analyze
solid figures: rectangular prism,
triangular prism, triangular pyramid, square, pyramid (faces, edges and
vertices)
 Classify polygons by
sides and angles
Congruency and Similarity
 Identify congruent
triangles according to corresponding parts (SSS, SAS, ASA)
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify the center,
radius and diameter of a circle
 Measure angles using a
protractor
 Classify angles: supplementary and complementary
 Classify angles: adjacent, vertical, corresponding, and
supplementary
New
Vocabulary in this Range: radius, polygon, circumference, trapezoid, rectangular box,
equilateral, similar, obtuse angle, straight angle, slide
New
Signs and Symbols: angle symbol, label for line – L_{1}_{}
Symmetry and Transformations
·
Understand meaning and representation of a dilation
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Classify triangles by
sides (equilateral, isosceles, and scalene) and angles (acute, obtuse, and
right)
 Classify polygons by
sides and angles
 Identify and
discriminate between regular and irregular polygons
 Find the missing angle
measurement in a triangle when two angles are known
 Solve word problems
involving similar polygons
 Identify the base
angles of a triangle
 Know the definition of
the hypotenuse of a triangle
New
Vocabulary in this Range: transformation, hypotenuse, edge, isosceles, scalene triangle, similar
trapezoids, alternate interior angles, sum of angles in triangle
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Congruency and Similarity
·
Construct congruent segments and angles
Symmetry and Transformations
 Identify symmetry of a
sphere
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify properties of
parallel lines
 Construct angle
bisectors
 Use the Pythagorean
theorem to calculate the measure of one side of a right triangle when the
other two sides are known
 Identify angle
bisectors
 Solve problems
regarding relationships among chords of a circle
New
Vocabulary in this Range: symmetrical halves, diameter, radius, angle bisector, tangent,
corresponding parts of congruent triangles, Pythagorean theorem, corresponding
angles, complementary angles, construction
New
Signs and Symbols: sign for parallel lines_{}
Congruency and Similarity
·
Solve problems involving properties of similar
triangles
Symmetry and Transformations
·
Solve problems involving rotations (turns) and
reflections (flips)
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify properties and
slope of lines
 Identify plane
 Identify midpoint and
endpoint
 Identify perpendicular
bisector
 Identify properties of
polygons (rhombus, parallelogram)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: slope, nonvertical and nonhorizontal, midpoint, endpoint, rotational
symmetry, reflected, perpendicular bisector, similar triangles, similar
trapezoids, similar cylinders, conditional, counterexample, conclusion of
inthen statement, interior of angle, exterior angle of regular polygon,
interior angle of regular polygon, sum of angles in triangle equals 180
degrees, congruent angles, adjacent angles, vertical angles
New
Signs and Symbols: none_{}
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify the correct
definition of a postulate
 Solve problems using
two chord power theorem
 Identify and solve
problems involving right triangles using the trigonometric functions and
the Pythagorean Theorem
 Use of distance formula
to determine type of triangle using coordinates
 Solve problems regarding
relationships among chords, secants, tangents, inscribed angles, central
angle, arc, and inscribed and circumscribed polygons of circles
 Measure and compare
angles in degrees
 Solve problems
involving the perimeter, circumference, area, volume, and surface area of
common geometric figures
 Determine how changes
in dimensions affect the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric
figures and solids
 Find and use measures
of sides and interior and exterior angles to identify figures and solve
problems involving polygons
 Know the effect of
rigid motions on figures in the coordinate plane and space, including
rotations, translations, and reflections
New
Vocabulary in this Range: postulate
New
Signs and Symbols: none_{}
Congruency and Similarity
·
Prove that triangles and other polygons are congruent
or similar using algebraic, coordinate, and deductive proofs
Geometric Properties and Terminology
 Identify number of
diagonals of regular polygons
 Informally prove
relationships between angles in polygons by using properties of
complementary, supplementary, vertical, and exterior angles
New
Vocabulary in this Range: HL
New
Signs and Symbols: none_{}
Symmetry and Transformations
·
Solve problems involving volume with rotational
transformation
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– includes customary and metric units of measure around
time, money, size, temperature, and weight, and the use of them in both calculating
and estimating measurements.
Length, Weight, Volume
 Compare objects by
shape, size, height or length (larger, smaller, taller, shorter, longer)
 Measure length with
metric measures using a graphic of a ruler(centimeters)
Time, Temperature
·
Choose
the appropriate tool: clock to measure
time, calendar to measure days and months, thermometer to measure temperature,
ruler to measure length
 Measure temperature
with customary measures
New
Vocabulary in this Range: longest, shortest, how tall, kilometer, meter, time
New
Signs and Symbols: C for Celsius, cm for centimeter
Time, Temperature
 Order periods of time
(days of the week, months of the year, etc.)
 Tell and write time to
the hour and half hour using analog and digital clocks
 Identify and interpret
a calendar
 Read a Fahrenheit and
Celsius thermometer to the nearest degree
Money
 Identify value of a
penny, nickel, dime, and quarter
New
Vocabulary in this Range: how long, names of days of week, next, names of months, pennies,
centimeter, inches
New
Signs and Symbols: degree symbol, : for time – 1:00, face of quarter, dime, penny, and
nickel
Length, Weight, Volume
 Determine more capacity
or less capacity
 Measure length with
customary measures (inch)
 Measure weight with
customary measure (pounds)
 Measure capacity to the
nearest cup, pint, quart, and gallon and do appropriate conversions
between these units
·
Estimate
and measure the length of an object to the nearest metric and customary measure
using a picture of a ruler
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Find the perimeter of a
figure using units
 Estimate and verify the
area of a figure using square units (counting)
Time, Temperature
 Tell time to the
quarter hour using analog and digital clocks
 Tell time to the
nearest 5 minutes using analog and digital clocks
·
Compute
simple conversions among units of time:
seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years
Money
 Identify value of a one
dollar bill
·
Determine
if a collection of coins is enough to purchase an object up to and including
$1.00
New
Vocabulary in this Range: line segment, area, square units, perimeter, days, week, set, coins,
thermometer, temperature, pounds, ounces, pints, quarts
New
Signs and Symbols: $, decimal point for cents, F = Fahrenheit, lb = pounds, sq = square
units, cent sign, recognize back of penny, nickel, dime, and quarter
Length, Weight, Volume
 Measure weight with
metric measures with units provided (grams)
·
Measure
length to the nearest inch, foot, and yard and do appropriate conversions
between these units
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Develop area readiness
by counting squares and blocks
 Estimate and verify the
area of a figure using square units (counting)
 Find the perimeter of a
polygon with 5 or less sides (no formula)
Time, Temperature
 Tell time to the
nearest one minute on analog and digital clocks
 Compute word problems
with time and calendars
 Determine elapsed clock
time (no remaining with addition
and subtraction)
 Determine elapsed clock
time (any operation with renaming)
Money
 Identify the
coins: pennies, nickels, and dimes
 Identify the value of a
penny, nickel, dime, quarter, and one dollar bill
·
Combine
and identify the value of a collection of coins and bills up to and including
$1.00
 Combine and identify
equivalent values of coins and bills up to and including $1.00
 Make change to $1.00 by
“counting on” or subtracting
·
Compute
simple addition or subtraction problems involving monetary amounts up to $10.00
New
Vocabulary in this Range: about, length, estimate, perimeter, change, quarter, dollars, dozen,
units, feet, yard, grams, meters, cups, gallons, nickel, pennies, dime,
tablespoon, hours, minutes, degree
New
Signs and Symbols: m = meters, g = grams
Length, Weight, Volume
 Measure length to the
nearest millimeter, centimeter, meter, and kilometer
 Select the appropriate
metric and customary unit to measure an object or distance
·
Perform
conversions between linear units in the customary system; also as necessary in
addition or subtraction problems
·
Perform
conversions between units of capacity in the customary system; also as
necessary in addition or subtraction problems
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Estimate and verify the
area of a figure using square units (counting)
 Find the area of
irregular shapes; using square units
 Find the perimeter of
polygons
Time, Temperature
·
Identify
time relationships: minutes in an hour,
hours in a day, days in a week, weeks in a year
Money
·
Combine
and identify the value of a collection of coins and bills up to and including
$10.00
·
Compute
simple addition or subtraction problems involving monetary amounts up to $10.00
 Compute and count
change up to and including $100.00
 Compute and count
change greater than $20.00
New
Vocabulary in this Range: height, width, parallelogram, square, rectangle, triangle, year, ton,
seconds, kilogram, distance, miles, liter
New
Signs and Symbols: mm = millimeter, a.m. and p.m., hr = hours, min = minutes
Length, Weight, Volume
 Find the volume of a
figure using cubic units
·
Perform
conversions between units of mass in the metric system; also as necessary in
addition or subtraction problems
 Select appropriate unit
of measure for length and area
 Find the volume of
rectangular solids using the formula
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Find the perimeter of a
square or rectangle using the formula
·
Solve
practical word problems involving perimeter and area of a square, rectangle or
triangle
 Calculate the area of a
triangle
 Calculate the surface
area of a rectangular prism
Time, Temperature
 Compute basic
operations with units of time (include basic concept of time zones)
Angle Identification and Measure
 Identify angles
according to their measure: right,
obtuse, and acute
Money
 Compute and count
change up to and including $5.00 (addition and subtraction only)
 Solve written word
problems involving the addition or subtraction of monetary amounts
New
Vocabulary in this Range: right angle, circumference, minutes, decades, milligrams, gram, cubic
feet, volume, liters, length, weight, kilometers, millimeters, mass
New
Signs and Symbols: ft for feet, mL = milliliters, right angle symbol, symbol for line
segment, p
Length, Weight, Volume
 Measure length to the
nearest millimeter, centimeter, meter, and kilometer
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Calculate the area of
irregular shapes
 Understand the effects
of changing dimensions on perimeter and area
Angle Measure
 Measure angles using a
protractor
Money
 Compute basic
operations with monetary amounts up to and including $20.00
New
Vocabulary in this Range: yards, measure of angle, degrees, protractor, centuries, below zero,
Celsius, rectangular solid, rectangular prism, decades, ounces
New
Signs and Symbols: ” = inches, yd = yards, b = base, h = height, r = radius, s = side,
angle symbol,  for negative, + for positive, d = distance, tsp = teaspoon, pt
= pint, gal = gallon, qt = quart, c = cup
Length, Weight, Volume
 Measure length with
metric measures (centimeter)
 Measure length with
customary measures (inch)
 Select the appropriate
unit of measure for length, area, and volume
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Analyze circles: center, chord, diameter, radius, arc,
semicircle, and circumference
 Find the missing angle
measurement in a triangle when two angles are known
New
Vocabulary in this Range: reasonable, formula, segment BC, pi, radius squared, diameter, metric
units, quarts, gallons, rectangular box, base, rate
New
Signs and Symbols: oz = ounces, C = circumference
Length, Weight, Volume
 Find the volume of a
pyramid
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Find the perimeter of a
square or rectangle using the formula
 Find the perimeter of
polygons
 Calculate the area of a
parallelogram and rectangle
 Calculate the area of a
triangle
 Calculate the
circumference of a circle using the formula
Time, Temperature
 Convert from Celsius to
Fahrenheit
 Subtract Fahrenheit
temperatures
Money
 Find commission and
total pay
 Compute and count
change greater than $20.00
New
Vocabulary in this Range: rectangular house, height and base, algebraic expression, rows and
columns, checking account, car purchase, commission, simple interest
New
Signs and Symbols: F = 9/5 C + 32, formula for finding volume of a pyramid
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Calculate the area of a
parallelogram and rectangle using algebra tiles
 Understand the effects
of changing dimensions on perimeter, area, and volume
 Calculate the surface
area of a rectangular prism and cylinder
New
Vocabulary in this Range: doubled and tripled, rectangular solid, cylindrical tank, algebra
tiles, inscribed, timeandahalf, sales tax, discount
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Length, Weight, Volume
 Find volume of cones
and rectangular prisms and cylinders
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Find area of inscribed
figure by using midpoints and endpoints
Angle Identification and Measure
 Relationship of size of
angles and corresponding sides of a triangle
New
Vocabulary in this Range: circumscribed, distance formula
New
Signs and Symbols: formula for finding volume of a cone, formula for volume of a cube,
formula for finding volume of a rectangular solid
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Understand that area of
a square equals side squared
 Find the surface area
of a polyhedron and cylinder
 Find the diameters when
given the area of a circle
 Find the perimeter with
use of variables
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Length, Weight, Volume
 Find volume of cylinder
using knowledge of radius versus diameter
Money
 Solve problem given two
discounts
New
Vocabulary in this Range: rate of interest, successive discounts
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Area, Perimeter, Circumference
 Solve problem using
ratio of rectangular areas
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– Students determine the mathematical probability of
events, calculate measures of central tendency, and work with combinations and
permutations. Interpret and predict information from charts, graphs, and
tables.
Graphing
 Use pictographs or bar
graphs to compare quantities
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability and Prediction
 Determine an outcome
and make a prediction (single event)
Graphing
 Understand the concept
of addition using concrete objects
 Represent and compare
data (e.g. largest, smallest, most often, least often) by using picture
graphs, pictures, or simple bar graphs
New
Vocabulary in this Range: probability
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability and Prediction
 Interpret a table and
make predictions (chance)
 Predict the likely
number of times a condition will occur based on an analysis of data
Graphing
 Complete and interpret
simple picture graphs, bar graphs, line graphs or tables using the key to
indicate the quantity represented by each symbol
 Graph ordered pairs in
the first quadrant
 Identify least and
greatest values represented in bar graphs and pictographs
New
Vocabulary in this Range: chance
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability
·
Predict whether common events are certain, likely,
unlikely, possible, impossible, fair or unfair
·
Investigate experimental probability of an event using
a coin or spinner
Graphing
 Solve simple word
problems based on data from picture and bar graphs
New
Vocabulary in this Range: most often
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability
and Prediction
 Develop concept of
chance and make predictions for events (ex. rolling a number dice)
Statistics
 Use tallies to record
data
 Compute averages with a
given set of data
Combinations and Permutations
 Solve problems
involving combinations or permutations
Graphing
 Use a number line to
write number sentences using subtraction
 Solve problems using
information from a bar graph
 Solve multistep word
problems with pictographs, bar graphs, or line graphs
 Construct, and solve
word problems involving line graphs
 Construct and solve
word problems involving circle graphs
 Read and interpret dual
bar graphs and dual brokenline graphs
New
Vocabulary in this Range: average, bar graph, percentage
New
Signs and Symbols: %
Probability and Prediction
 Compute simple
probability outcomes
 Determine the
probability of an outcome (multiple events)
 Use the counting
principle to determine probability
Statistics
 Solve practical
problems involving the mean (average) of a set of numbers
Graphing
·
Solve
problems using information from a picture graph (symbol may represent more than
one)
 Interpret data given in
percent form on a circle graph and broken line graph
New
Vocabulary in this Range: least often, how many ways, ordered pairs, coordinates, distance
formula
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Graphing
 Identify and order
decimal and fractional coordinates on a number line
 Order integers on a
number line
New
Vocabulary in this Range: dice, arranged, highest mean
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability and Prediction
 Investigate
experimental probability of an event using a coin or spinner
Statistics
 Know the concepts of
mode, median, and mean; compute and compare them in simple examples to
demonstrate that these measures of central tendency may differ for a given
set of data
Combinations and Permutations
 Use a tree diagram to
determine the number of possible outcomes of an event
Graphing
 Interpret data given in
horizontal and vertical bar graphs to solve problems
 Graph ordered pairs in
all four quadrants (coordinate geometry)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: even numbers, mean, median, integer, intersection, table, frequency,
origin, quadrant
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Statistics
 Calculate range, mode,
median, and mean
Graphing
 Find location of
coordinates on a number line
 Place numbers in
correct order on a number line
 Locate the vertex on a
coordinate grid
 Create a table of (x,
y) values for the given linear equation and graph the function
New
Vocabulary in this Range: vertex, fractional part, amount of sales, translation, matrix,
possibility, mean salary, coordinates of points
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability and Prediction
 Predict outcomes using
a sixsided cube
Combinations and Permutations
 Find how many different
ways a set can be ordered
Graphing
 Use a graph to predict
some future point in time
 Determine endpoints and
midpoint of a line on a coordinate graph
New
Vocabulary in this Range: coordinate, Venn diagram, greatest decrease, endpoints, midpoint
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Probability and Prediction
 Calculate basic
probability theoretically and use results to make predictions
Graphing
 Derive linear equations
by using the pointslope formula
 Derive and solve
problems involving use of ordered pairs to determine area of a figure
 Know the effect of
rigid motions on figures in the coordinate plane and space, including
rotations, translations, and reflections
 Determine the axis of
symmetry of a linear graph
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Combinations and Permutations
 Perform complex
combinations in problem solving situations
Graphing
 Determine how changes
in dimensions affect the perimeter, area, and volume of common geometric
figures and solids
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– includes patterns, functions, solving equations, order
of operations, properties, simplifying expressions and continues up through
more difficult skills in Algebra specific content
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Find and extend
patterns
 Recognize and extend a
pattern: shape, color and size
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Determine what
operation is needed to solve a word problem (addition and subtraction)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: € for answer to equation
Solving Equations, Simplifying Expressions, Order of
Operations
·
Solve for missing numbers in an addition or subtraction
sentence
 Determine what
operation is needed to solve a word problem (any operation)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: ( ) used in equations
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Solve for missing
factors in a multiplication or division sentence
 Evaluate a numerical
equation involving more than one operation
Properties
 Demonstrate the
associative, commutative, and zero property of addition
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: <, > symbols
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Find and extend
patterns, both increasing and decreasing
 Complete a table
according to a rule
·
Choose
and apply an appropriate problem solving strategy: Find a pattern
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Use inverse operations
to find missing equation
 Write number sentences
using addition
 Identify missing
elements in number sentences
Properties
 Identify the
associative, commutative, identity and zero property of multiplication
Ordered Pairs
 Graph ordered pairs in
the first quadrant
New
Vocabulary in this Range: sign
New
Signs and Symbols:  used as negative
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Use symbols of
inequality, < and > to write and complete number sentences
 Solve simple addition
problems with “n” as an addend or sum
 Solve simple
multiplication problems with “n” as a multiple or product
 Solve simple division
problems with “n” as a quotient or divisor
 Identify the base and
the exponent of a given numerical expression and calculate its value
 Evaluate numerical
expressions using the order of operations
 Solve whole number
equations with any operation
New
Vocabulary in this Range: ifthen, product, sum
New
Signs and Symbols: variables, exponents
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Use of a function
“machine” to determine input and output
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Evaluate an expression
involving more than one operation (order of operations)
 Use the basic
properties of multiplication to write an algebraic expression that is
equivalent to a given algebraic expression
 Solve equations
involving more than one operation
 Multiply and divide
polynomials
 Solve equations
involving rational numbers (addition and subtraction)
Properties
 Use strategies to
develop computational fluency with multiplication: zero property, property
of one, arrays, doubles, nine patterns
 Use the basic
properties of addition to write an algebraic expression equivalent to a
given algebraic expression
 Understand the
properties of integers: commutative, associative, identity, zero property
of multiplication, distributive property of multiplication over addition,
and inverse property of addition
New
Vocabulary in this Range: input, output, table, associative, equation
New
Signs and Symbols: £, ³
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Use logic to solve a
problem involving a function table
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
·
Solve
decimal equations (one step, addition and subtraction)
·
Solve
integer equations (one step, multiplication and division)
·
Evaluate
expressions using the order of operations (may include parentheses or
exponents)
 Solve quadratic
equations
New
Vocabulary in this Range: commutative, solve, square numbers, input, output, number sequence
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Complete a function
table according to a rule
 Recognize and continue
a number pattern and/or geometric representation (e.g. Fibonacci sequence,
triangular numbers)
 State a rule to explain
a number pattern, including arithmetic progression
 Investigate geometric
patterns and relationships and describe them algebraically
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Use boxes or other
symbols to stand for any number in expressions or equations
 Solve whole number
equations with one variable (multiplication and division)
 Solve integer equations
(one step, all four operations)
 Solve equations
involving more than one operation
 Definition and
application of absolute value
 Solve onestep linear
equations in one variable using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and
division with integer solutions
 Simplify numeric
expressions by applying properties of rational numbers (e.g. identity,
inverse, distributive, associative, commutative)
New
Vocabulary in this Range: absolute value, evaluate, quotient
New
Signs and Symbols: square root symbol, %, absolute value symbol
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Using whole numbers,
complete a function table based on a given rule
 Graph linear functions,
noting that the vertical change (change in yvalue) per unit of horizontal
change (change in xvalue) is constant
 Identify linear
equation for a straight line
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Write an algebraic
expression to model a situation
 Evaluate an algebraic
expression for given values
 Explore equivalent
ratios involving missing variables
 Use the correct order
of operations to evaluate numeric and algebraic expressions
 Simplify and evaluate
expressions that include positive and negative integral components
 Simplify polynomials by
combining like terms
 Use the rules of
exponents to multiply and divide monomials
 Solve simple linear
equations and inequalities over the rational numbers
New
Vocabulary in this Range: inequality, ifthen statement, term in sequence, square numbers,
negative coefficient
New
Signs and Symbols: I = p x r x t
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Students analyze a
given set of data for the existence of a pattern and represent the pattern
algebraically and graphically
 Determine whether a
relation is defined by a graph, a set of ordered pairs, or a symbolic
expression is a function and justify the conclusion
 Use a function table to
determine inverse variation
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Students solve
equations and inequalities involving absolute values
 Understand the concepts
of parallel lines and perpendicular lines and how those slopes are related
 Solve a system of two
linear equations in two variables algebraically and interpret the answer
graphically
 Graph a linear function
in two variables using the slopeintercept method and identify intercepts
 Solve a system of two
linear inequalities in two variables and identify the solution set
 Understand and use the
rules of exponents, including negative exponents
 Add, subtract,
multiply, and divide monomials and polynomials
 Apply basic factoring
techniques to second and simple thirddegree polynomials, including
finding a common factor for all terms in a polynomial, recognizing the
difference of two squares, and recognizing perfect squares of binomials
 Add, subtract,
multiply, and divide rational expressions and functions
 Simplify an expression
containing imaginary roots
 Find the difference of
two squares
New
Vocabulary in this Range: regression equation, varies inversely as the square, slope of parallel
lines, solution to system, factor (used with equations)
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Simplify embedded
expressions before solving linear equations and inequalities in one
variable
 Identify and use the
arithmetic properties of subsets of integers and rational, irrational, and
real numbers
 Solve problems that use
variables in expressions describing geometric quantities by solving for
one variable
 Solve equations with
variables as exponents
 Use the rules of
exponents to multiply polynomials by monomials
 Derive linear equations
by using the pointslope function
 Find the slope given
two points on the line of a given graph
 Write the equation of a
line when given the graph of the line, two points on the line, or the
slope of the line and a point on the line
 Simplify monomials
containing integer powers and roots
 Find the solution set
for inequalities that include absolute values
 Identify the equation
of a parabola
 Simplify expressions
containing cube roots
 Solve expressions
containing factorials
 Find the number of
possible solutions for a system of equations
 Cube a binomial
Quadratic Formula and Equations
 Solve a quadratic
equation by factoring or completing the square
 Know the quadratic
formula and demonstrates its proof by completing the square
 Identify discriminant
and roots
 Use the quadratic
formula to find the roots of a seconddegree polynomial and solve
quadratic equations
 Graph quadratic
functions and know that their roots are the xintercepts
Trigonometry
 Find sin and cosine of
a given angle
 Solve logarithmic
functions
New
Vocabulary in this Range: parabola, intercepts, number of solutions, simultaneous equations,
counterexample, solution set, sin A, cosine, tangent, discriminant, imaginary
solutions, difference of two squares, read solution set from graph, factor
completely
New
Signs and Symbols:none
Patterns, Sequences, Functions
 Determine the domain of
independent variables and the range of dependent variables in a relation
that is defined by a graph, a set of ordered pairs, or a symbolic
expression
 Analyze properties and relationships
of functions (e.g. linear, polynomial, rational)
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Find the slope of a
line parallel to a given line
 Find the xintercept of
a given equation
 Solve equations with fractions
as exponents
 Analyze a graph to
identify the appropriate system of equations
 Determine the vertex of
a parabola
 Determine which of
several equations can be factored
 Determine commonalities
between three given equations of lines
Trigonometry
 Use graph to identify
trigonometric functions of angles
 Find cosine, sine, and
tangent of any given angle
 Use law of cosines
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
Solving Equations and Inequalities, Simplifying
Expressions, Order of Operations
 Identify the region
defined by a linear inequality
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– includes a variety of strategies such as guess and
check, logical reasoning, and working backwards to solve simple and multistep
problems in all mathematical areas.
Important Note: Many test versions do not have
problem solving broken out as a separate goal, but have it embedded it into the
other goal areas as an integrated piece.
 Solve simple addition
word problems
New
Vocabulary in this Range: how many, not, in all, altogether
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Solve simple
subtraction word problems
 Use a problem solving
process (as defined by text)
 Recognize and extend a
pattern: shape, color and size
·
Identify
position concepts: over, under, inside, outside, in front, behind, top, middle,
bottom
·
Combine
and identify the value of a collection of coins and bills up to and including
$1.00
 Compare objects by
shape, size, height, or length (larger, smaller, taller, shorter, longer)
 Complete and interpret
simple picture graphs, bar graphs or tables
New
Vocabulary in this Range: product, number sentence, problem, how many more, multiples, greater
than, left, how much, money, answer, about, outside, inside, shape, calendar,
picture
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Find and extend
patterns, both increasing and decreasing
 Make predictions for
events (likely or unlikely)
 Determine what
operation is needed to solve a word problem (addition and subtraction)
 Solve simple word
problems using addition and subtraction
 Solve simple word
problems based on data from picture and bar graphs
 Solve for missing addends
in an addition and subtraction number sentence
 Solve onestep word
problems involving addition or subtraction of four or fewer digits
 Solve onestep word
problems involving division
 Identify extra
information or missing information that is necessary to solve word
problems
 Choose and apply an
appropriate problem solving strategy: Draw a picture, Make a model, Guess
and test, Make a list, Make a table, or Find a pattern
 Solve problems using
information from a bar graph
 Compute and count
change up to and including $5.00, addition and subtraction only
 Construct and interpret
line graphs involving problem solving
New
Vocabulary in this Range: add, subtract, multiply, divide, rate, kilometers, hours, between,
equals, cost, time, less than, closest to, equation, weigh, minutes, pieces,
dozen, cups, inches, pounds, miles, sum, dime, nickel, pennies, quarter
New
Signs and Symbols: +, $, decimal point for cents, ¢
 Identify the correct
information to solve addition and subtraction word problems
 Solve onestep word
problems involving multiplication and division, including money
 Estimate the answers to
word problems
 Determine what
operation is needed to solve a word problem (all four operations)
 Choose and apply an
appropriate problem solving strategy: Draw a picture, Make a model, Guess
and test, Make a list, Make a table, Find a pattern, Work backwards, Solve
a simpler problem, or Draw a diagram
 Solve word problems
involving any combination of basic operations on whole numbers (onestep
problems)
 Write a number sentence
to solve onestep word problems involving the operations of addition,
subtraction, and multiplication of fractions and decimals
 Solve multistep word
problems involving any combination of basic operations
 Construct and solve
word problems involving information from a table
 Understand the concept
of ratio using concrete and pictorial models
 Solve one and twostep
word problems involving any combination of basic operations on whole
numbers, decimals, and fractions
New
Vocabulary in this Range: terms, meter, millimeters, kilogram, feet, yards, unit of measurement,
height, thousands, hundreds, tens, table, graph, length, width, rectangular,
area, square inches, exactly, coins, numeral, even, change, average, opposite,
percent, subtrahend, addend, formula, circle, diameter, operation, total, fact,
fraction, surfaces, cube, temperature, first – fifth (ordinal names),
difference, equivalent
New
Signs and Symbols: tally marks, =,  as an integer sign, %, °C, € for answer
 Estimate the answers to
word problems
 Solve written word
problems involving the addition or subtraction of monetary amounts
 List the prime and
composite numbers less than 50 in a word problem
 Order integers on a
number line
 Interpret data given in
percent form on a circle graph and broken line graph
 Solve word problems
involving customary and metric measurement
 Solve word problems
involving distance, rate and time
 Use logic to solve
problems
 Solve word problems
using proportional reasoning
 Solve geometry problems
by making a drawing or diagram
 Choose and use an
appropriate problem solving strategy: Draw a picture, Make a model, Guess
and test, Make a list, Make a table, Find a pattern, Work backwards, Solve
a simpler problem, Draw a diagram, Write an equation, or Logical Deduction
New
Vocabulary in this Range: equation, product, increased, number line, information not needed,
division, estimate, odd, prime, cube, pattern, geometric patterns, extra
information
New
Signs and Symbols: r x t = d
 Compute word problems
with time and calendars
 Investigate
experimental probability of an event using a coin or spinner
 Solve practical word
problems involving perimeter and area of a square, rectangle or triangle
 Understand and identify
the place value and value of each digit in numerals through the billions
 Solve practical
problems involving the mean (average) of a set of numbers
 Solve one and twostep
word problems involving any combination of basic operations on whole
numbers, decimals, and fractions
 Determine the discount
price and sale price
 Choose and use an
appropriate problem solving strategy: Draw a picture, Make a model, Guess
and test, Make a list, Make a table, Find a pattern, Work backwards, Solve
a simpler problem, Draw a diagram, or Write an equation
 Solve problems
involving arrangements
 Understand the
properties of integers: commutative, associative, identity, zero property
of multiplication, distributive property of multiplication over addition,
and inverse property of addition
 Calculate the square of
any number less than 100
 Calculate the cost of
one item or the unit cost using a proportion
New
Vocabulary in this Range: decimals, fractions, what shape, hour, minutes, gallons, average,
probability, graph, squares
New
Signs and Symbols: %
 Choose and use an
appropriate problem solving strategy: Draw a picture, Make a model, Guess
and test, Make a list, Make a table, Find a pattern, Work backwards, Solve
a simpler problem, Draw a diagram, or Write an equation
 Select the appropriate
unit of measure for length and area
 Write and solve an
equation using ratios, given a word problem
 Write and solve an
equation for a word problem
 Analyze circles:
center, chord, diameter, radius, arc, semicircle, and circumference
 Solve simple interest
problems (amount x rate x time)
 Use estimation to
determine if solutions to word problems are reasonable
 Predict outcomes using
probability
New
Vocabulary in this Range: mortality, odometer, magic square, deducted, less than twice, addends,
less than sum, rectangle, diameter, radius, label (units), area, perimeter
New
Signs and Symbols: I = prt
 Use logic to predict
outcomes
 Work backwards to solve
problems
 Solve multistep problems
involving computation
 Find correct
mathematical expressions to represent word problems
 Find simple interest
earned
 Find missing numbers in
a diagram by using patterns
 Use map scales to solve
problems
 Solve ifthen logic
problems
 Solve complex word
problems involving ratio, percent, discount, sale price, rounding and
estimation, averaging, length, volume, rate, calendars, probability,
money, and time
 Given the answer to a
problem, determine the question
 Formulate expressions
and equations to model problem solving situation
New
Vocabulary in this Range: regression equation
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Solve complex word
problems involving rate, ratio, percent, averages, and sale price
 Solve problems
involving regression equations
 Manipulate problems
with time and a half and overtime wages
 Actual versus precise
measurements
 Use of symmetry to
determine grouping properties
 Compare volume of
different dimensional containers
 Use a matrix to
identify given figure on a graph
 Write the converse of a
geometric statement
 Select appropriate unit
of measure
New
Vocabulary in this Range: matrix
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Solve problems
involving ratio of a side of a figure to its area, perimeter, or volume
 Determine proportional
parts of a number
 Use proportional
relationships to determine lengths of sides of a figure that are
represented by algebraic relationships
 Solve complex word
problems with surface area, area, circumscribed figures, Pythagorean Theorem,
consecutive integers
 Use clues given in word
problems to decode correct answer
 Determine correct
formula needed to solve problem
 Multiplication of
matrices
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Solve complex geometry,
algebra, and probability problems
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
 Solve problems
involving successive discounts and rate of interest
New
Vocabulary in this Range: none
New
Signs and Symbols: none
– Students understand relationships between words and can
use component structures and clues from context to decipher word meaning.
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Associate single words
with pictures
 Recognize initial
consonant h/p
 Recognize short vowels
a/o
 Recognize plurals
 Recognize basic sight
words
New
Vocabulary: picture,
word, ending sound, match, find
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Use context to find the
meaning of an unfamiliar word using simple vocabulary
 Use context to find a
missing word in a simple sentence
 Make inferences from
context
 Define multiple words
with multiple association
 Recognize beginning
sounds ch/cl/c/s
 Match a picture with a
sentence
 Use context to
determine which of 4 words means the same as underlined word in sentence
(synonym)
 Demonstrate acquisition
of basic vocabulary
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Recognize word pairs
with similar meanings
Word Components
 Identify the correct
prefix (un, dis, in, con) to use with simple base words
 Recognize the correct
use of the plural “s” ending
 Know the two word
meanings of simple contractions, such as “it’s = it is”
 Match upper and lower case
letters
New
Vocabulary: missing
word, prefix, choose, sentence
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Use context to find the
meaning of an unfamiliar word in short sentences
 Use context to find a
missing word in simple and compound sentences
 Use context to find
multiple meanings when given a word list
 Use word context to
define evaluative meaning
 Recognize short vowels
a/i
 Recognize ending sounds
n/t
 Use a picture to
identify a word or sentence
 Use context to find the
opposite meaning of a word
 Use word endings et,
er, le, e to find word meaning
Multiple Meanings
 Use multiple meanings
to define simple words
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Find the opposite
meaning of simple words
 Identify simple
homonyms
 Recognize the correct
usage of simple homonyms
 Recognize word pairs
with similar meanings in longer sentences
Word Components
 Use picture clues to
form simple compound words
 Identify compound words
 Find the root word
 Recognize when to
change y to I and add ending
 Identify the correct
usage of prefixes (non, un, dis, re) with the same base word
 Know the meaning of the
prefix “un”
 Identify the correct
suffix or prefix to use with the same base word (less, ful, ing, er)
 Know the meaning of the
suffix “er”
 Know the two word
meanings of simple contractions such as “you’re = you are
 Recognize vowel
digraphs ew, eu, oi, ey
 Recognize beginning
sounds cr, bl, kn
 Identify simple rhyming
words
 Combine simple word
family endings with beginning sounds to form words
 Put upper case letters
in alphabetical order
New
Vocabulary: compound
word, opposite, poem, rhyme, root or base word, vowel, letter, story
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Use context through
complex sentences and phrases to find the meaning of an unfamiliar word
 Use context and
inference to find a missing word
 Use context to find the
meaning of idiomatic phrases
 Use context to find
meaning of compound words
 Recognize beginning
blends gr/ fr/ sc
 Recognize medial vowel
sounds ow/ short i, ed ending
 Use a picture to
identify a word
 Use context to
determine which of 4 words means the same as underlined word from
paragraph of 2030 words
 Choose the compound
word that is missing in a sentence
 Use context to find the
opposite meaning of a word
 Demonstrate acquisition
of more specific vocabulary
Multiple Meanings
 Understand the correct
meaning of a word that can have multiple meanings
 Use context to
understand multiple meanings within a passage
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Find the opposite meaning
of a word
 Recognize pairs of word
opposites
 Recognize word pairs
with similar meanings in complex sentences and paragraphs
Word Components
 Know the meaning of
simple compound words
 Find the root word when
used with simple prefixes and suffixes
 Identify the correct
usage of prefixes: un, con, dis, in, extra, over, re, trans, pre,
de
 Know the meaning of
prefixes: dis, un, re
 Identify the correct
usage of suffixes: er, less, ful, ary, able, y
 Know the meaning of
suffixes: er, less, ful, ary, able, y
 Know the correct usage
of comparative suffixes: er, est
 Recognize which letters
are vowels
 Match the words in
phrases and simple sentences
 Put words in
alphabetical order
 Recognize onesyllable
rhyming words
New
Vocabulary: homonym,
synonym, underlined, suffix, incomplete, paragraph, passage
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Find a sentence which
does not use a multiple meaning word correctly
 Use context to
determine the meaning of a word in a paragraph
 Choose which of four
sentences best expresses the meaning of idiomatic expression
 Find the synonym for
the word underlined in sentence
 Demonstrate knowledge
of increased vocabulary within the context of a sentence or paragraph
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Identify the word which
is opposite of a given word
 Identify words that are
not antonyms (Term is defined in question. Identify the antonym in
context.)
 Find the pairs of 2 and
3 syllable words that sound alike
 Identify which two
words are synonyms as defined in a multiple sentence question
Word Components
 Identify the root or
base word in a multisyllable word
 Find the word with the
correct prefix in a complex sentence
 Identify word using
correct suffix to complete sentence
 Identify the two words
that make up a contraction
 Divide words into
syllables
New
Vocabulary: nonsense,
antonym, directions, definition
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 Use context to
determine meaning of specific word in paragraph of 3060 words
 Identify which of four
words is the defined synonym for underlined word in sentence
 Choose which of four
definitions means the same as a compound word from paragraph of 3060
words
 Know vocabulary with/
without context
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Given a sentence with a
missing word, identify correct missing word from a list of homonyms
 Find pairs of words
that are synonyms (defined in question)
 Find groups of words
with meaning that is similar to a given word
Word Components
 Identify and/or form
compound words
 Given a root word
definition find word that means ______
 Given a prefix
definition, identify the word meaning ______, with a variety of prefixes
from which to choose
 Given the root meaning,
identify word meaning______, with a variety of suffixes from which to
choose
 Find the word that
rhymes with a nonphonetic spelling
 Identify same ending
sound within a list of several words
 Identify same ending
sounds
New
Vocabulary: similar
to, alphabetical order, syllable
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 After reading a
paragraph of 5075 words, use context to determine meaning of a specific
word in paragraph
 Given a complex
sentence, determine which of four words is synonym (not defined) for
underlined word
 Knowledge of vocabulary
with or without context within a complex paragraph
Multiple Meanings
 Use context of an
advertising passage to figure out a word that has multiple meanings
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Identify sentence which
means the opposite in a paragraph of 5075 words
 Choose word missing in
the sentence when all choices are homonyms
Word Components
 Form multisyllable
compound words
 Identify base or root
word in multisyllable words
 Identify word that,
with correct prefix, becomes its own antonym
 Identify suffix which
will give new meaning to specified word
New
Vocabulary: advertisement,
magazine, article, recipe
Contextual Meaning and Vocabulary
 After reading a
sentence with a paragraph of 75100 words, use the context of the sentence
to find the meaning of specific word
 After reading a story,
find the word in the story which means about the same as underlined word
 Increased vocabulary
within the story or passage
Antonyms, Homonyms, Synonyms
 Find words with
opposite meanings within the context of a story or passage
New
Vocabulary: label,
selections, introduction
Items include same skills and content as above with more
difficult vocabulary and extended thinking.
– Students can recall, identify, classify, and sequence
details, facts, and stated main ideas from a variety of written materials, and
can interpret directions.
Sequencing
 Format: Read
approximately 30 word passages
 Follow straightforward
sequence of events
 Use clue words
supplied: first, next, last, before, after, later…
 Identify what happened
after another event
 Identify what happened
last in a sequence of events
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read short
passages – up to 40 words
 Locate answers by
finding exact words from question
New
Vocabulary:
last, after, story
Reading Directions
 Format: Read short
simple sentences
 Follow 36 steps, no
more than 60 words
 Find literal detail in
simple directions
 Determine the purpose
of simple directions
Sequencing
 Format: Read up to 70
word passages where clue words are rarely supplied
 Identify what happened
after another event
 Identify what happened
first or last
 Recognize first or last
in a subset of events from a passage
Locating Information
 Use a sign: understand
the meaning of information
 Use a title: determine
the content of a book
 Use a simple index (one
word descriptors, each on one page): page numbers where information can be
found
 Use a table of
contents: identify which story is found on a particular page
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read short
passages up to 50 words, which range from very short, simple sentences to
longer more complex sentences
 Locate answers by
finding exact words in passage
 Recognize pronoun substitutions
for nouns
 Combine details from
two simple sentences to arrive at answer
 Understand the meaning
of details to generalize an answer
 Discriminate between
similar sentences and details to find an answer
 Isolate details
necessary to answer question when given many details
New
Vocabulary: after,
book, first, directions, sentences, poem, index, table of contents, sign,
passage
Reading
Directions
 Format: Read some
complex sentences in passages that include up to 7 steps, 60 words
 Determine what to do
before or after specific steps
 Understand directions
in a simple label
 Find detail in simple
directions
Sequencing
 Format: Read up to 150
word passages with clue words rarely given
 Determine first or last
event from list of events in scrambled order
 Recognize simultaneous
events (when this happens, something else happens)
 Recognize first in
order of events when written not in actual order of occurrence
 Identify what happens
first in a subset of events from a longer passage
 Recognize what happens
after another event when reading a schedule
 Identify what happens
next or second, clue words supplied
 Paraphrase events,
recognizing first or last in order
 Discriminate small but
import details in ordering events
Locating Information
 Find page number for a
particular story
 In which part of a
book information can be found
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read longer
passages, some up to 100 words; at upper RIT ranges, passages contain less
familiar content and more difficult vocabulary
 Isolate details
necessary to answer a question when given many details
 Find exact words in a
passage to answer a question
 Recognize pronoun
substitution for noun
 In a letter, understand
“I” and the author are the same person
 Recognize important details
when in a sentence with complex phrasing (no longer simple, straight
forward sentences)
 Combine details from
several sentences or rephrase details to answer a question
 Identify the speaker in
a short onespeaker passage
 Use important details
to generalize an answer
 In a longer passage
with longer, more complex sentences and more difficult vocabulary, locate
important details necessary to answer a question
 Understand the
relationship between details
 Discriminate between
details that are and are not stated in a passage
 Use reasoning, word
clues, and recognition of pronoun meaning to identify speaker in a short
passage containing more than one person
Cause and Effect
 Format: Read short
passages with relatively simple sentences and basic vocabulary where cause
and effect are stated in same sentence with some clue words supplied
(because, so…)
 Determine cause and
effect relationship in a passage containing extraneous information
 Identify causes and
effects stated in different sentences
 Identify causes and effects
implied, not stated directly
 Read longer passages
containing less familiar content
New
Vocabulary:
before, second, paragraph, following, letter, label, note, article, list
Reading
Directions
 Format: Read more
complex sentences with up to 9 steps and 100 words
 Find literal detail in
“how to” directions
 Understand literal
detail in directions to a place using “left” or “right” or compass
directions
 Determine what to do
before or after certain steps
 Understand directions
on a typical label
 Infer the purpose of
written directions
 Find the detail in a
typical recipe
 Determine the order of
simple directions
Sequencing
 Determine correct order
of events when presented in scrambled order
 Paraphrase order of
events in a longer passage (up to 150 words)
 Use clue words and
reasoning skills to determine order of events when written out of order of
occurrence (understanding flashbacks)
Locating Information
 More complex with main
topics and subtopics
 Information listed on
multiple pages
 Use a table of
contents:
 Understand that page
number listed is the beginning page and that information continues on
subsequent pages
 Use chapter title to
determine content and page number to read
 Use a title: Use word
clues to determine content
 Use a weather report:
Paraphrase information
 Use a sign or
announcement: Understand the meaning of information
 Use a bibliography:
 How to read
 Understand the meaning
of (ed.) for editor
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read passages
frequently around 100 words, containing a variety of descriptive sentences
and vocabulary, rich with detail
 Isolate small but
significant details necessary to answer a question
 Understand sentences
containing explanatory phrases set off by commas (my dog, Spot… my
friends, Jane and Sally…), recognizing that they are not items in a
list
 Understand
relationships between details, combining details from several sentences to
form an answer
 Recognize and
understand pronouns substituted for nouns
 Note he/she pronoun use
to determine gender
 Isolate significant
detail, combine with prior knowledge to answer a question
 Discriminate between
details which are and are not stated in a passage
 Determine who is the
speaker in a passage
Cause and Effect
 Format: At lower RITs,
read simpler passages, vocabulary, and content; at higher RITs, read more
complex content in passages
 Identify basic cause
and effect relationships, stated in same or adjoining sentences
 Use clue word “because”
supplied in answer choices to help focus thinking
 Identify implied cause
and effect relationships
Compare and Contrast
·
Given
factual paragraph, compare information (how are they alike?)
New
Vocabulary: recipe,
instructions, order of events, information, describe, ad, bibliography, editor,
character
Reading
Directions
 Format: Read some adult
vocabulary, vocabulary difficulty increases as RIT increases with up to 12
steps and 200 words
 Understand specific
detail in a typical recipe
 Analyze detail in
directions:
 Determine important
information in directions
 Determine missing
steps in a set of directions
 Given directions and
actions taken, determine which part of directions not followed
correctly
 Understand directions
on a label containing adult vocabulary
 Determine purpose of
directions
 Understand directions
in a recipe written in paragraph rather than list format
 Understand directions
on a test or worksheet
Sequencing
 Format: Determine order
of events in a passage containing more difficult vocabulary, more complex
phrasing, or less familiar content
 Determine sequence of
events in a passage containing a flashback
 Paraphrase order of
events in passage containing more complex vocabulary, phrasing, or
figurative language
 Use rereading and
cross checking to determine specific order of events
 Determine which event
comes before another
 Determine which events
occur simultaneously
 Use reasoning and word
clues to determine sequence of events in a passage contain a flashback
 Determine order of
events when presented in a scrambled order (more complex sentences, less
direct language than previous RIT levels)
 Determine which comes
last from up to 9 events presented in scrambled order
 Determine which occurs
first AND last from events presented in scrambled order
 Find first in a subset
of events in the middle of a passage
 Use rereading and
crosschecking to identify the order of events in a passage up to 200
words
Locating Information
 Use a table of
contents:
 Locate information on
multiple pages
 Use clue words from
chapter title to determine contents
 Use a list of facts:
Use to find information
 Use a schedule:
 Understand the format,
how days, events, and times are listed
 Read to understand how
long particular events last
 Understand when events
start
 Use an index:
 Meaning of “see” and
“see also”
 Organized in main
topics and subtopics
 How drawings, photos,
and maps are listed
 Difference between
pages separated by commas or by hyphens (45, 48, 5053)
 Use an advertisement:
 Determine what is
being advertised
 Locate and understand
specific details in ad
 Use reference materials:
Determine best source of information (dictionary, encyclopedia, television
program guide, almanac, field guide, atlas)
 Use a recipe:
 Determine number
served
 Determine amounts of
ingredients
 Use a glossary:
Understand relationship between dictionary and glossary
 Use a title: Use clue
words to determine content
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read passages
containing rich detail, vocabulary, description, and complex phrasing with
extensive vocabulary necessary to understand meaning of detail
 Locate specific details
in a passage to discriminate between similar answer choices
 Recognize significant
details when paraphrased
 Recognize and
understand detail referenced by “this, that, these, or those”
 Recognize and
understand characters when referred to alternately by name and by
descriptive phrases
 Understand and
interpret significant details
Cause and Effect
 Format: Read passages
with complexity of content and vocabulary, that include some clue words
like “since” and “so” and “because”
 Identify “cause”
presented at beginning of passage relating to “effect” presented at end of
passage
New
Vocabulary: literature,
advertising, schedule, statement, announcement, biography, entries, chapter,
introduction, comparison, glossary
Reading
Directions
 Find detail in a
typical adult language recipe
 Understand complex
directions involving multiple variables (if you want this, do that, if you
want something else, do something else…)
 Understand typical
medicine or product labels
 Understand vocabulary
specific to typical recipes and product labels
 Find detail in complex,
multistep directions containing adult language
 Paraphrase complex
directions
 Understand complex
directions—must find one detail, then reread to incorporate previous
information
 Use skills that
progress in difficulty:
 Skim, scan to locate
details
 Reread specific parts
 Combine two or more
sets of information to complete understanding
 Paraphrase
Sequencing
 Format: Read longer and
more complex sentences where the content becomes less familiar and the
difficulty of the vocabulary increases (soon after this happened, that
happened)
 Read passages where
word clues are less direct: from “first, later, and finally” to “after the
frost”, “in the spring”, “when they had eaten lunch”
 Use indirect word clues
to determine sequence of sentences from scrambled order
 Determine which event
came second or next from sentences in scrambled order
 Determine sequence of
key events from complex paragraph
 Determine events that
occur after or simultaneously in longer, more complex paragraph
 Determine first event
from a sequence of events written in the middle of a paragraph
 Use key words to
paraphrase order of events
 Use rereading and
cross checking to identify order of events
 In a paragraph of
unfamiliar content and vocabulary, determine what comes next, after
another event
 Use direct word clues
to determine what comes before
 Determine what comes
first in a paragraph containing a flashback
Locating Information
 Use a table of
contents:
 Use chapter summaries
to determine contents
 Use clue words from
chapter title to determine contents
 Determine the LAST
page of a chapter (if chapter 2 begins on p. 20, chapter 1 ends on p. 19)
 Use an announcement:
(lengthy and detailed, containing common abbreviations, and adult level
vocabulary)
 Find and understand
information
 Use an advertisement:
 Find and understand
specific information
 Determine what is
being advertised
 Understand
abbreviations and shortened phrases in a classified ad
 Use a food label:
Determine the relative amounts of ingredients
 Use reference
materials:
 Determine the best
source of information (encyclopedia, catalog, advertisement, magazine
article, picture book)
 Understand information
contained in a dictionary entry
 Use a bibliography:
 How it is organized
 How to read
information (author, title, publisher, etc.)
 Recognizing simple
listing of magazines
 Use a list: Meaning of
information
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read passages
that contain rich and varied detail, often unfamiliar content, extensive
vocabulary, complex sentence phrasing
 Recognize and
understand a variety of word referents
 Recognize and
understand sentences containing explanatory phrases, sometimes set off by
commas
 Isolate small but
significant detail necessary to answer a question in long, detailfilled
passages
Cause and Effect
 Read slightly longer
passages, with more difficult content and vocabulary which use clue words
“since” and “because of”
 Demonstrate combining
several pieces of information to understand the cause and effect
relationship
 Identify which is the
“cause” and which is the “effect” when given a situation
Compare and Contrast
·
Contrast information (how are they different?) when
given a factual paragraph
·
Locate appropriate information to compare or contrast
in longer passages with unfamiliar content
New
Vocabulary: indicated,
series of events, chronological order, definition, dictionary, sequence,
description, catalog, journal, report
Reading
Directions
 Synthesize/paraphrase
directions
 Follow multistep
directions containing adult vocabulary where the outcome is not obvious
 Follow detail in
typical medicine or product label
 Synthesize intention of
directions
 Understand small but
significant detail in directions
Sequencing
 Format: Read passages
that contain unfamiliar content, adult vocabulary, few word clues, longer
sentences, and complex phrasing
 Paraphrase sentence
order from passage with phrases like “just before this happened, that
happened” and “after this happens but before that happens”
 Determine last, first,
and next, paraphrasing events from passage
 Use indirect word clues
to determine the order of scrambled sentences
 Determine what comes
after another event
 Determine the sequence
of events in a subset of events in the middle of a passage
 Paraphrase the sequence
of events in a complex passage
Locating Information
 Format: Read passages
that are lengthy, detailed, and contain adult vocabulary. They are typical examples one would
find everyday, not specific to children
 Use an
announcement: find and understand
specific information
 Use a handbook: Find
and understand specific information
 Use a shipping and
handling chart: Recognize, know it by name
 Use a phone book:
 Yellow pages: how to
read, find, and understand specific information
 White pages: how to
use guide letters
 Use a catalogue:
 Use summary
information to determine which product to purchase
 Find and understand
specific information
 Use an index:
 Organization of topics
 Using increased
specificity of terms to locate information
 Understand page list
format, difference between use of commas and hyphens (43, 57, 6062)
 Use a bibliography:
 Find and understand
information in an annotated bibliography
 Use a glossary: How to
use
 Use a field guide: Find
and understand specific information
 Use a dictionary: How
to use to find word meaning
Reading for Detail
 Format: Read passages
that contain rich and varied detail, often unfamiliar content, extensive
vocabulary, complex sentence phrasing
 Locate small but
significant detail in a detailfilled passage
 Understand and
interpret significant detail
 Understand and
paraphrase significant detail
 Discriminate between
details which are and are not stated in a passage
 Locate more than one
detail in a detailfilled passage
Cause and Effect
 Read longer passages,
with more difficult content and vocabulary
 Identify which is not
the effect of a stated cause
Compare and Contrast
·
Locate multiple pieces of information to compare or
contrast
 Determine what
information is being compared
New
Vocabulary: guide,
handbook, selections
Reading
Directions
 Understand intent of
directions
 Synthesize complex
directions
Sequencing
 Summarize events in
correct order
 Use reasoning to
determine the correct order of scrambled sentences
 Determine what comes after
in passages with complex phrasing (just before he did this, he did that)
 Use word clues and
reasoning to determine what comes first when sentences contain flashbacks
or are not written in exact time order
Locating Information
 Read passages where
details being located are more specific and less obvious, requiring
careful reading or rereading
 Use an announcement:
 Find and combine
specific pieces of information
 Find and understand
specific, detailed information
 Compare specific
pieces of information
 Use a weather
report: Find and understand small
but significant details
 Use sports scores: Understand commonly used abbreviations
 Use a recipe: Find and
understand small but significant details
Reading for Detail
 Read passages that
contain rich and varied detail, generally unfamiliar content, extensive
vocabulary, complex sentence phrasing
 Isolate information not
stated in a detailfilled passage
 Paraphrase and
interpret significant detail
 Locate specific detail
in a long, detailfilled passage
 Locate and interpret several
details in a detailfilled passage
Cause and Effect
 Read passages with more
difficult, less familiar content and vocabulary
New
Vocabulary: publications,
editorial
Reading
Directions
 Synthesize/paraphrase
directions
Reading for Detail
 Read passages that
contain rich and varied detail, generally unfamiliar content, extensive
vocabulary, complex sentence phrasing
 Locate, paraphrase, and
interpret multiple details in a detailfilled passage
New
Vocabulary: none
– Students can make reasonable predictions before, during,
and after reading, can draw inferences necessary for understanding, can
recognize causeeffect relationships, and can summarize and synthesize
information from a variety of written materials.
Inference
·
Use
simple details to make simple inferences
Main
Idea
·
Determine
the main idea of a simple factual section
Causeeffect
·
Identify
or determine simple cause and effect relationships
New
Vocabulary: missing
word, story, paragraph, sentence
Inference
·
Infer
the qualities or purposes of a list
Main
Idea
 Determine the main idea
of a simple story
Causeeffect
 Identify, determine, or
infer simple cause and effect relationships in simple situations
Prediction
 Predict future events
based on the simple details of a story
Drawing
Conclusion
 Draw conclusions based
on information in a story about events taking place
New
Vocabulary: questions,
main idea, riddle, list, passage
Inference
·
Make
inferences by noting specific details in multiparagraph selection
·
Infer
the qualities or purposes of a list
·
Make
inferences using details in an advertisement
·
Infer
characteristics and qualities of main characters
·
Infer
answers to riddles by noting details
Main
Idea
 Look at details to
determine and refine the main idea of 3050 word paragraph
 Identify the topic
sentence in a simple paragraph
 Create a topic sentence
for a simple paragraph
 Determine the main idea
by selecting the best title for a story or passage
 Refine and explain the
main idea of a selection
Prediction
 Predict future events
based on a multiparagraph passage
Drawing
Conclusion
 Draw conclusions based
on information in a story as to what will probably happen next
New
Vocabulary: title,
caused, facts, effect, opinion, ad, describes, author
Main
Idea
 Identify the main idea
of a poem
 Identify topic sentence
 Infer best title for a
story or passage
 Make inferences about
main idea of a personal note
 Determine main idea in
different genre
 Determine main idea
from a variety of nonfiction
Causeeffect
 Determine cause and
effect in a 100150 word passage
Prediction
 Predict what will
happen next in a multiparagraph passage
 Infer conclusion from
prior information
Summarize
 Summarize a short
passage of 100150 words
Application
Transfer
 Generalize from
specific information within the passage
Drawing Conclusion
 Draw conclusion based
on interpretation of information read
New
Vocabulary: predict,
outcome, statement, poem, article, conclude, summary, problem
Main
Idea
·
Infer
main idea from textbook page
·
Infer
main idea of article from newspaper or magazine
·
Infer
main idea from a variety of genre
Comparecontrast
 Compare and contrast
animate and inanimate
Causeeffect
 Determine cause and
effect of a variety of events
Summarize
 Summarize a longer
passage by outlining
Application
Transfer
 Generalize a statement
from specific information within the passage
Drawing
Conclusion
 Draw a conclusion based
on interpretation of information read
New
Vocabulary: summarize,
conclusion, cause and effect, central idea, compare, selection, introduction
Inference
·
Make
inferences from announcements
·
Make
inferences about directions on labels
·
Make
inferences about a character type within a variety of literature
·
Make
inferences from information found on book flap
·
Make
inferences from textbook technical reading
Main
Idea
 Identify main idea in
magazine articles or stories from other sources
Prediction
 Predict future events
based on prior conclusions drawn
Drawing
Conclusion
 Form a conclusion based
on interpretation of information from a variety of sources
New
Vocabulary: infer,
solution, prediction, announcement, biography, explanation, chapter, legend,
topics, characteristics, main characters, assume, library, speaker
Inference
 Make inferences from
catalog selections
 Make inferences from
handbooks
 Make inferences from a
science fiction passage
Main
Idea
 Identify why author
chose title
 Identify main idea in
newspaper and other articles
Prediction
 Identify conclusion to
story
 Create prediction for
recipe
 Predict outcome from
advertisement
Summarize
 Restate lengthy passage
through summarizing
Application
Transfer
 List specific
information in systematic order and give a general summary
Drawing
Conclusion
 Draw a conclusion from
the passage by inferring the interpretation of the information read
New
Vocabulary: implied,
inferred, premise, impression, contrast
Items include same skills and content as above with more
difficult vocabulary and extended thinking.
– Students understand fact, opinion, bias, assumptions,
and elements of persuasion, and can evaluate the quality and validity of
written material. Students can compare works, evaluate conclusions, and apply
what is learned to real life experiences.
The main difference in items at higher RIT levels is in
sentence and passage length, complexity of detail and content, and difficulty
of vocabulary
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify common words,
generally nouns
 Identify word that
belongs in broad category based on type
 Identify word not
like the others, based on type
New
Vocabulary: none
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify general
category name for specific word based on type
 Identify items
belonging to a category based on use
 Identify items that do not
belong to a category based on use
New
Vocabulary: thing
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Format: At beginning of
range, distracters very different from correct answer choices. As RIT
increases, distracters become more similar, requiring the use of more
specific vocabulary
 Identify which item is
not like the others based on type or use
 Identify which item is
not a member of a broad category or group
 Complete a simple
analogy, matching a common tool to the user
 Identify which item is
a member of a category based on type or use
 Identify category name
for a specific item
Fact and Opinion
 Read information
presented in one or two very simple statements
 Distinguish fact from
that which is inferred
New
Vocabulary: sentence,
page, missing word, belongs
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Format: Read simple
text, generally less than 50 words, basic vocabulary, where the
speaker/writer’s opinions are stated directly and obviously
 Determine
speaker/writer’s opinion or way of thinking about a topic
 Understand meaning of
the word “bias”
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify which are not
members of a group based on defined characteristics
 Identify the group name
or category in which it belongs when given a noun
 Identify which noun is
not like the others
 Identify which word
belongs in the same category when given a list of descriptive words
 Identify another member
of the group when given a group name
 Identify which sentence
is not on a specific topic
 Generalize how items or
ideas are alike
 Find relationships
between words based on analogous relationships (things to eat – hunger)
Fact and Opinion
 Format: Read
information presented in short simple paragraph
New
Vocabulary: story,
paragraph, bias, passage, writer
Persuasive Elements
 Format: Read simple,
short text and basic vocabulary
 Determine what the
writer wants the reader to notice, care about, or feel
 Determine which words
persuade the reader or catch the reader’s attention
 Determine the purpose
of an advertisement
 Determine to which
senses certain words appeal
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Read simple text,
generally less than 50 words, basic vocabulary where the speaker/writer’s
opinions stated directly and obviously
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Apply logic to analyze
simple relationships
 Identify which sentence
does not relate to a story topic
 Identify analogous
relationships between words
 Identify lists of words
that all belong to the group when given a category name
 Distinguish between
factual and inferential observations when given a simple situation
 Determine probable
common use of a list of items
 Tell how items on a
list are all alike
 Identify items that
belong in a named group
 Classify types of
writing based on purpose
 Identify which items do
not belong to a group, based on secondary attributes
 Identify how phrases
are alike based on what they tell
 Identify which word is not
a member of a group or category based on specific definitions
Evaluate Validity
 Determine why a
simple story is fiction
 Determine which
statement is untrue based on information given in a short, simple passage
 Determine which person
would be more likely to have more relevant information when given an event
described by different people
Fact and Opinion
 Format: Read
information presented in short simple paragraph where the paragraphs get
longer with more detail and vocabulary as RIT increases
 Given a short
paragraph, distinguish a factual statement about the information from
statements of opinion
 Distinguish statements
of fact from statements of opinion
New
Vocabulary: classified
as, describe, idea, list, ad, makebelieve, advertisement, definition, label,
facts
Persuasive Elements
 Format: Read simple,
short text and basic vocabulary
 Determine the purpose
of an advertisement or other persuasive writing
 Determine what the
writer wants the reader to notice or care about
 Recognize techniques
used in ads or other persuasive writing to persuade readers
 Distinguish facts from
persuasive elements in an advertisement
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Format: Read longer
passages, up to 100 words, where situations are still fairly
straightforward, with basic vocabulary
 Infer errors in a
character’s thinking that lead to stereotyping when given a basic scenario
 Infer who is
speaking/writing based on his/her opinions or way of thinking
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify words
belonging to the same category based on attributes of the words themselves
 Identify which item
belongs to a group based on secondary attributes
 Identify which sentence
does not relate to a more specific topic when given sentences all relating
to a general topic
 Identify which word is not
a member of a group or category based on information in a passage or
specific definitions
 Identify which items
belong in a common group when given words that may have multiple meanings
 Determine simple
logical relationships (if – then)
 Determine where
information will most likely be found based on attributes
 Determine category
names for words in up to three different categories
 Determine how sentences
are all alike (main topic)
 Determine which would
not be attributes of another item when given words, some with multiple
meanings
 Determine analogous
relationships
Evaluate Validity
 Determine the most qualified
source of information
 Determine which facts
best support a conclusion or an opinion
 Determine the most
valid conclusion when given a simple event or situation
 Distinguish what is
true or factual from what might be inferred when given a simple passage
 Determine the validity
of opinions based on facts given in a short simple passage
Fact and Opinion
 Format: As RIT
increases, difficulty of vocabulary increases, longer sentences or
passages are used, and content becomes less familiar and more difficult
 Distinguish what is
fact from that which is inferred when given a short passage
 Know the meaning of the
words “fact” and “opinion”
 Determine if statements
are true, false, fact, or opinion
 Identify factual
statements made based on information found in a longer passage
 Identify word clues
that signal an opinion
New
Vocabulary: opinion,
conclusion, valid, appeal, descriptions, detail, accuracy, attitude, phrase
Inference
 Infer/evaluate content
based on small sample of writing
 Infer/evaluate what is
important to a character
 Infer/evaluate
character’s feelings or interests
Persuasive Elements
 Format: Read generally
short text, some longer with slightly more difficult vocabulary
 Recognize persuasive
techniques or methods
 Determine to whom an ad
will appeal
 Determine how an ad
gets your attention
 Determine the
effectiveness of persuasive arguments
 Determine the action
the ad persuades the reader to take
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Format: Read longer
passages, generally less than 150 words but some longer where the
difficulty of vocabulary increases as RIT increases
 Infer errors in
reasoning that lead to stereotypical thinking
 Infer beliefs,
opinions, or way of thinking of speaker, writer, or character
 Understand and apply
meaning of “bias”
 Recognize bias or
assumptions as opinions
At upper range of RIT –
 Generalize type of
people who would agree or disagree with specific opinions
 Understand the meaning
of “assumption” or “underlying assumption”
 Understand why people
have different opinions or ways of thinking
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify which word
belongs in a group based on implications of words, definitions provided,
or interpreting multiple meanings or words
 Identify which sentence
does not relate to a more specific topic when given sentences all relating
to a general topic
 Put ideas in
appropriate groups when given two category names
 Match information in a
passage with informal outline of information
 Identify items not like
others based on secondary attributes provided in written definitions
 Combine information
written in a passage with information from experience to determine how one
thing is like or unlike another thing
 Identify topics that
could be added to an existing outline
 Identify which word is
not like the others based on secondary attributes
 Find common attributes
of a defined list of items
Evaluate Validity
 Determine which facts
do or do not support a conclusion
 Given a simple passage,
distinguish what is true or factual
 Determine the most
qualified source of information
 Evaluate and prioritize
reasons
 At upper range of RITs,
determine which fact supports more than one conclusion
 Determine which
statement best supports a specific conclusion
 Determine statements
that cannot be concluded from information in a passage
 Use logical reasoning
to determine the validity of a statement
Fact and Opinion
 Identify which specific
words are opinions
 In a longer passage,
distinguish which statements are facts from those that are opinions
 Identify word clues
that signal fact, not opinion
 Determine that which is
fact from that which is inferred
 Analyze a passage to
determine proportion of fact or opinion
New
Vocabulary: comments,
persuasion, technique, editorial
Inference
·
Evaluate relative importance of information
Persuasive
Elements
 Read some longer ads
longer with more difficult vocabulary
 Determine how
assertions of persuasive writing are supported
 Determine to whom and
to what feelings ads appeal
 Determine what the
writer wants the reader to believe about their product or service
 Determine information not
given in an ad
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Read passages that vary
in length, while difficulty of vocabulary tends to increase
 As RIT levels increase,
differences between distracters and correct answer choice become less
obvious, require more thought
 Understand meaning of
the word “discrimination”
 Infer beliefs,
opinions, ways of thinking, or assumptions of writer or characters
 Generalize type of
people who would agree or disagree with specific opinions
 Compare and contrast
opinions or assumptions of characters
 Infer errors in
reasoning that lead to stereotypical thinking
 Infer assumptions
reader can make from a passage
 Generalize opinions or
assumptions of writer
 Discriminate between
fact and bias
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Demonstrate using
alphabetical order to the fourth letter
 Find words that are
like or different from the others based on secondary attributes when given
definitions of similar or related words
 Identify words that
belong to the same group based on implications, connotations, multiple
meanings, or secondary attributes when given more difficult vocabulary
words
 Identify analogous
relationships
 Find commonalities in a
set of distinct descriptions
 Determine which would
be logical explanations for events
Evaluate Validity
 Format: Read passages
that are generally longer, with much detail, extensive vocabulary, and
less familiar content
 Determine which
statement or detail best supports a specific conclusion
 Determine most
qualified source of information
 Determine most valid
conclusion based on information in a passage
 Distinguish facts that
can be concluded from that which is opinion or inferred when given a
longer, more detailed passage
 Determine additional
information needed to evaluate information in a passage
 Use logical reasoning
to determine the validity of a conclusion
 Note the clue word
“probably” meaning not conclusively
 Determine which
statement or detail does not support a conclusion
 Identify faulty
reasoning leading to a conclusion
 Evaluate the quality of
information used to support a conclusion
Fact and Opinion
 Analyze passage for
opinion, inference, value judgment, or fact
 Distinguish unsupported
opinion from fact
 Determine content of
passage—proportion of fact to opinion
 Distinguish that which
is fact from that which is inferred
 Identify a sentence as
being an editorial comment or part of a factual news story
New
Vocabulary: evaluate,
assumption, logical argument, factual, unbiased, propaganda
Persuasive Elements
 Determine purpose of
persuasive ad or argument
 Determine persuasive
techniques or methods
 Determine tone or
effect of persuasive writing
 Analyze persuasive
statements
 Determine to whom or
what feelings persuasive writing will appeal
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype
 Read passages where
topics are less familiar, with rich, varied vocabulary
 Higher level thinking
required to understand topics and to differentiate between answer choices
 Infer assumptions of
writer or character
 Generalize opinions or
assumptions of writer
 Generalize people
likely to agree or disagree with opinion or assumption
 Recognize difference
between discriminatory and nondiscriminatory statements
 Recognize statements or
thinking not assumed by the writer
Classify, Thinking Skills
 Identify words that
belong to the same group based on implications, connotations, multiple
meanings, or secondary attributes given more difficult vocabulary words
 Identify the sentence
that does not related to the specific topic in a long, complex passage
 Find commonalities in a
set of distinct descriptions
Evaluate Validity
 Format: Read longer
passages with more detail, more extensive vocabulary, and less familiar
content
 Evaluate whether or not
an argument is consistent
 Determine which
conclusion is supported by facts in a passage
 Determine which fact or
detail supports a conclusion
 Identify faulty
reasoning leading to a conclusion
 Identify a conclusion not
supported by facts or details in a passage
 Evaluate reasoning
leading to a conclusion
 Evaluate the quality of
information sources
Fact and Opinion
 Use word clues to
distinguish opinions from fact
New
Vocabulary: observation,
contradict
Persuasive Elements
 Imply purpose of
persuasive writing
Bias, Assumptions, Stereotype (Only three items in this
range)
 Format: Read passages
with complex topics, some quite difficult vocabulary, distracters more
complex, require more thought to determine correct answer choice
 Understand the meaning
of the word “stereotype”
 Infer and generalize
assumptions of writer
Evaluate Validity
 Determine the most
qualified source of information
 Analyze the reasoning
used to support a conclusion or opinion
 Determine which
conclusion is supported by facts or details in a passage
 Use logical reasoning to
arrive at a conclusion
New
Vocabulary: analyze,
stereotype
– Students respond to stories based on wellknow
characters, themes, plots, and settings
The main difference in items at higher RIT levels is in sentence
and passage length, complexity of detail and content, and difficulty of
vocabulary
Literary
·
Infer
the setting of a simple story by noting details that tell time or place
New
Vocabulary: story
Literary
·
Determine
the author’s purpose for simple forms of writing
·
Determine
the mood or tone of a simple passage
·
Identify
the problem in a story
·
Determine
how a problem was solved
Inference
·
Infer
actions, characteristics, emotions, or qualities of characters
New
Vocabulary: passage,
sentence, problem, sign, list, poem, fairy tale
Literary
 Determine how an
author’s words or techniques influence the reader’s feelings
 Determine the author’s
purpose for writing in a 5075 word selection
 Identify characters in
a simple story
 Determine the mood or
tone of a 5075 word passage
 Identify the basic form
of writing/genre selection
 Identify the format of
poetry
 Identify the rhyming
characteristics of poetry
 Infer the character’s
emotions
 Infer the setting by
noting specific details
Inference
·
Infer
characteristics and qualities of main characters
Problem
Resolution
 Identify the problem in
a story
 Determine an
appropriate resolution to a problem
Comparecontrast
 Compare and/or contrast
people in a passage
 Compare and/or contrast
events and details of a story
New
Vocabulary: describe,
missing word, paragraph, author’s purpose, ad, letter, fable, report
Literary
 Determine author’s
point of view
 Determine point of view
of main characters
 Determine main
characters and quality of each character
 Determine how author
develops characters through word choice and story sequence
 Determine word choice
that develops mood
 Organization of
paragraph by location, main idea, and sequence of events
 Recognize personal note
writing
 Distinguish between
fantasy and realistic fiction
 Identify realistic
fiction
 Read for details in
folk tales
 Distinguish between
descriptive and realistic writing
 Understand the
characteristics of legends and myths
 Understand poem
structure
 Understand the meaning
of a metaphor used in a story
 Identify use of simile
in a writing, not by name
 Identify problem and
its resolution
 Identify setting—where,
and when
 Identify theme or moral
in a multiparagraph passage
Inference
·
Make
inferences from a variety of personal narratives
·
Make
inferences from a fable
·
Make
inferences about characters in a variety of literature
·
Infer
who is the narrator
·
Make
inferences from poetry
·
Make
inferences from riddles
Problem
Resolution
 Identify how to resolve
problem
Comparecontrast
 Compare and contrast
characters, both major and minor characters
New
Vocabulary: theme,
action, setting, predict, author, solve, purpose, makebelieve, mood, point of
view, tone, moral, character, legend, fantasy, diary, note
Literary
 Use imagery, humor,
rhymes to develop interest
 Use first person and
word choice to hold reader’s attention
 Use of devices by
author such as word choice to create mood
 Determine author’s
strategy for creating the piece of writing
 Determine point of view
of various characters
 Draw complex
conclusions about characters
 Infer how author
developed characters through word choice, story sequence
 Determine word choice
to develop mood and voice
 Recognize personal
narrative
 Distinguish between
fiction and nonfiction writing
 Analyze and gain
understanding of legends
 Recognize elements of
foreshadowing
 Understand meaning of
idiom used in the story
 Identify realistic
elements vs. nonrealistic parts in a story
 Identify an
onomatopoeia element in the story
 Identify the problem
and the resolution within a long passage
 Identify setting—where,
when, from the descriptors within the passage
 Identify major and
minor themes of the passage
 Identify humor and reason
for its use
Inference
·
Make
inferences from personal narratives within the context of the story
·
Make
inferences about directionality
·
Make
inferences about characters from a variety of literature
·
Infer
who is narrator by the descriptors of the story
·
Make
inferences from different types of poetry
New
Vocabulary: fiction,
subject, event, conflict, appeal, narrator, main point, main character, detail,
solution, short story, folktale
Literary
 Use devices such as
humor, exaggeration, word choice to create mood
 Use devices by the
author such as word choice and complex descriptors
 Determine the complex
point of view of the author or characters through character descriptions
 Infer how author
develops characters through story sequence
 Infer the story
structure as a literary device
 Determine purpose of
dialogue
 Recognize newspaper
writing, and personal note writing
 Identify historical
fiction
 Distinguish between
fiction and nonfiction writing in lengthy passages
 Identify realistic fiction
 Determine purpose of
lengthy folk tales
 Understand the content
of poems with figurative language
 Recognize elements of a
fable
 Recognize the use of
suspense to get the reader’s interest
 Understand meaning of
idioms used in the story
 Understand the imagery
in the writing
 Understand and explain
the meaning of metaphors used in the story
 Understand the meaning
of symbolism in stories
 Identify the problem
and articulate the resolution
 Identify main conflict
 Identify exaggeration
Inference
·
Make
inferences about a character type within a variety of literature
Problem
Resolution
 Identify a complex
problem and list possible resolutions
New
Vocabulary: application,
opinion, plot, exaggeration, speaker, science fiction, personal narrative,
autobiography, historical fiction, nonfiction, mythology
Literary
 Use figurative
language, sequence of events, word choice, suspense, imagery that creates
complex interest
 Describe complex
character descriptions
 Determine how author
develops character traits through inference
 Use descriptive
dialogue to develop tone
 Use the story structure
as a literary device
 Recognize dialogue that
provides a variety of purposes and information
 Recognize
autobiographical writing
 Use writing as a rule
for giving directions
 Understand form and
general characteristics of folk tales
 Identify vivid and
descriptive writing
 Understand the
structure of poetry by its rhyme and length of lines
 Recognize science
fiction
 Recognize a book review
 Recognize foreshadowing
as a literary device in writing
 Find a figure of speech
and explain
 Understand the author’s
purpose in use of similes
 Understand the meaning
of symbolism in stories
 Identify exaggeration
and understand its impact on story line
Problem
Resolution
 Understand complex
problems and develop one or more solutions
New
Vocabulary: intent,
irony, suspense, simile, figure of speech, dialogue, metaphor
Items
include same skills and content as above with more difficult vocabulary and
extended thinking.
New
Vocabulary:
personification, alliteration, method of characterization, flashback, literary
device, narration, exposition, memoir